Judge Fred Aguirre – Latino Veterans Contributions – PART ONE

so it’s always a pleasure to be here ah let me tell you one thing that spurred me something similar to what happened to Richard Rodriguez happened to me when I was at our nation’s museum the Smithsonian I was working back there as a law student when I was at UCLA law school back in nineteen seventy I was sent back to work in the Justice Department so at that time it was the 25th anniversary of the ending of World War two 1945 1970 so I see in the paper that the Smithsonian is going to have an exhibit a world war two commemorating the 25th anniversary at the end of World War two my dad two of my uncles on my dad’s side 23 of his cousins all served in World War two on my mom’s side the brother and she had a couple of other cousins that served in World War two I didn’t know my wife at that time as we didn’t get married until a couple years later she had a bunch of families important neither kids I go over there to see the exhibit and I see a beautiful if the hall was filled with blow-ups of Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt meeting at delta and our troops storming the beaches at Normandy art Russa hitting Okinawa I look hey that’s what my dad was at my dad hit the beaches in Okinawa april one 1945 and and I see all these great provisions of World War two and then I see some beautiful portraits of African Americans serving in the segregated units in world and they just oppose those with the pictures of segregated home people african-americans in segregated schools segregated housing back at home and so he’s a very powerful image you see the effects these African at home on Oprah they can see that it’s Patriots putting their lives on the line and serving my country in battle Wow powerful images and then they had another beautiful exhibit on japanese-americans very similar they had the japanese-american family behind barbed wires and the concentration camps that we set up for him here stateside and then they had the 442nd out there the most decorated regimen rule or two fighting it in Italy and in Germany very very proud of units fighting there and you see those articles you see their blow ups and the pictures of it didn’t you see man african-americans japanese-americans they’re Patriots they’re not enemies of the state I’m looking I’m looking for Latinos and what do I see 10 articles from the Los Angeles Times about Mexican Americans fighting our troops in East LA if you recall there was something called the zoot suit right what it was there were a few Navy guys that when it tastes la going to the bars and then got into a fight with a couple of guys leave it to the Navy I don’t know what it was over it was over and you know but it was just a final a few guys fist fight well the next night but they may be guys did they brought busloads of maybe personnel into East LA well he still he wasn’t a port Long Beach was where the Navy network but they came into East LA they brought in bus loads of guys and those guys started looking for anybody in zoot suits so they were getting Filipinos who were dressed in zoot suits mexican-americans were dressed in suit suits African Americans who were dressing zoot suits and they started stripping them up their zoot suits just because they were dressed in suits if you look at the actual events you’ll see that’s what happened but the newspapers played it up that act that mexican americans were fighting against naval personnel and that’s what the headlines read so we were posed and that went on for a couple of nights until the maybe put a stop to they said hey we’re not sending me more buses out there we’re stopping that and it stopped well it was just like I said a few guys that started it initially fistfight it wasn’t anything that were going out looking for Navy personnel to fight but the newspapers made it look like it was Mexican Americans enemies fighting against our troops and yet we know that east LA was cleaned up of any Latinos who are 18 and over you had hundreds of them going into World War two getting drafted and volunteered and

in all all forms of the service so when I saw that it angered me I should wait a minute I don’t see any positive images of Latinos let alone no images I’ll i see is negative images and really angry because I knew our heritage people on the East Coast maybe didn’t in the African Americans didn’t maybe Jewish Americans and the East Coast didn’t know that but serving we do that here on the west coast but so that was the beginning of that’s what kind of set that little thing that eventually exploded set that in me to start document so about 18 years ago my wife and I started setting up programmer santa ana college then flip to cal state fullerton to document the service of our Latino veterans in World War two Korea Vietnam and we wrote books we interview in profile over 2,000 Latino veterans even from Rome or one also it’s got all those men were dead from were over one but we knew their families like my grandfather registered for World War one but he didn’t get taken over by what grandfather also registered for when hitting to take but we had real people that had family that went into over 1 so we’ve documented their service all of that now is put on a website that is maintained by the Orange County Department of Education your google american patriots of latino heritage and they’ll get you to that website and what we want to do is continue to get more profiles to add to that website dr. Allen had it’s the superintendent of schools for George County Department of Education and I have collaborated to work out to get this website set up and so all of the information profiles on all of our nothing ovation can be put onto that website American patriots of Latino heritage and the reason we started with the word American because if you put Mexican they put us into a category anybody that goes in google and and searching puts us into a into a box of immigration illegals american and that puts us into a different manner so I put american patriots and of latino heritage i know it’s a long title but anyway I wanted to share with you that’s what we’ve done that’s what I’m doing now continuing to supplement that website American patriots of that you inherited with information with document documentation photographs and human personal interviews I’ve interviewed Tony video mr. Garcia a World War two veterans and now I’m taking that time off to go do that you know I’m a full-time to I don’t have time that time that a little time restoring it I do that on the side to a document interview our veterans that’s that’s what I’m trying to do with my time on my time but short of that getting photographs and other information internet website okay the couches are a little bit can you tell us to a little bit about the Mendozas of Westminster education because I know you you know involving that too I have spoken on that case in Washington DC sacramentum last year they asked me to speak on it at the University of Kansas City School of Law but because they had a 50th commemoration of Brown versus Board of Education browser support of the education as you all know was the case that busted up segregated schools across the nation in 1954 and so last year was 2014 it was the I’m sorry was a 60 anniversary I’ve done the 50th anniversary back Washington DC there was a case that came out of Orange County that was filed in the Los Angeles federal court called cansado Mendez Lorenzo Ramirez there was several other families that fought the segregated schools in their districts garden grove Miss New Westminster Santana orange and Medina those are the school districts that these families represented and they filed in class action lawsuit against those school districts because those school districts maintained segregated schools for Latino children in my hometown pasensya they also had super gifted schools but my dad and his cousins and his uncle his brothers brawl in room or two at the types of lawsuit was filed on februari 27 1945 and my dad was on his way to okay now with his brother also who found in the 96

division over don’t you know any that case the federal court judge found that it was unconstitutional to segregate mexican-american children’s you get two separate schools because they were not evil there’s no way you could have separate but equal schools after he health even if got the same books same size classroom same chairs and tables curriculum everything the same you can’t have equal schools when their secretary just like segregating for whatever reason kids who are under five foot against kids were over white doesn’t make any sense but in either case the court in that 19-22 teleport 1947 tell that it was unconstitutional to segregate children because of their race or their background that was seven years before Brown versus Board education so I studied that case the Mendez case and I talked about all the people who were involved in not just the litigants not just the families there would be returned via this family Mendez family novels but the attorneys that Japanese American attorneys that helped out African American attorneys had helped out we had mexican american groups that coked-up we would have swedish immigrant that helped up by the name of earl warren parented come over from Sweden I don’t like that nordstrom and secret room but in either case i talked about all these people of goodwill that helped on the mend this case I have a PowerPoint presentation and I presented different different locations regarding that in case like I said represented across the United States it’s a fascinating case in death I should write a book on it because of that but there have been a couple of books that have come out since but it’s still a relatively unknown case when I went through law school I never heard about it because they didn’t teach it now we’re starting to teachers but the arguments weren’t they the ones that were when they wanted 90 voice California one day the same ones that were used to get rid of citation 1954 exactly it was a genesis of grounders Board of Education in fact the two markets have architects of the brown case Thurgood Marshall and Robert Carter who were the end of ACP that fought the brown case in front of nine Supreme Court are you in the appellate court case here in the Mendez case on behalf of the families because they saw what happened at the trial court and they said lienemann they were involved in the trial court stage but whether it went up to get fella court they heard about it and they they got involved in the appellate court aspect of it to use the same argument that was used under in the trial court’s they use that same argument in the Supreme Court case of brown for support so very seminal and then there’s another case here at Orange County the technologies that’s another key case that came out in 1943 mr Burton on bought a house and absorb and when he bought the house families all around there said wait a minute all this development is only for white people you can’t live here because it says in rd it’s racially restrictive covenant only white people can live in this neighborhood so no latinos could live there no Chinese domex no African Americans Indians Hindus and so he’s a peaceable well Michael and I’m not going to move so his neighbors suited to kick him out and in other areas they didn’t force that racial restrictive covenant there was a lady by the name of Katie McDaniel never see God the wind she was the African American lady that was the maid the big heavy set made and she got an Academy Award she tried to buy a house out in the West Adams district at that time was all white she had the money they wouldn’t sell to her anyway one of the attorneys in that case file help file the lawsuit they have helped defend mr. burden on Interstate claimed he was sued he needed attorney he had to go to LA he got a jewish-american attorney at an african-american attorney to help him up they came over they helped him out and they helped convince the judge here a local Superior Court judge myself that it was unconstitutional to enforce a racial restrictive covenant that was four years before shelley vs Kramer the national case went up to the United States Supreme Court primarily financed by Jewish Americans who were also helped out of buying homes in certain areas that’s why when news came to LA they had

to be in East LA they had to settle around Brooklyn Avenue you just now assess our Chavez Cantor’s used to be there before it went out on a Fairfax afternoon out on the west side Jews couldn’t buy out around UCLA they couldn’t buy out on the west side racially restrictive countries so we had a case here in 1943 four years before the National case of Shelley vs Kramer in 1947 so that helped mesh nationally 1947 nationally was found a supreme court found racially restrictive covenants are unlawful but up to nineteen forty seventy was lawful to do that to keep people from buying in certain areas whether they could afford internet anyway so there’s a lot of history here in Orange County that that’s what that’s what I’m doing now I’m unnerving those kinds of gems and talking to people about and sharing with them at the courage of that eagles and the help that they got from Jewish American attorneys Japanese America African American attorneys people of good will that help them to get dignity restored no thank you judge you know the Aqua lastly you know why say was a treat too much of giving him so I’m thank you for that was in the united states supreme court justice and so he had all that background from California from this unless the people so when runs of the Board of Education he already hell and background to really go get greedy also authored the other case about not in Texas and that was a famous case out of Texas worker bananas was in a bar and you got into a fight with the white guy and the white guy ended up dead after the fight now mr. Madison hey the guy came at me with a beer bottle and that’s why I stabbed him with my knife so it was in self-defense well mr. of madness was tried before a jury of his peers all white people in Texas in that county me and his attorneys very smart attorneys Gus Garcia was one of the brightest attorneys ever he was the attorney for later on for governor Connally you don’t remember who governor writing in the car with kennedy from kennedy was shot 1963 anyway and Gus Garcia graduated first out of the University of Texas I think Mike 1938 anyway so he takes the case up to the Supreme Court arguing that mr. Mendez was not tried by a jury of his peers he was denied the constitutional right to have a jury of his peers because he was able to show that what they would do in texas was keep mexican-americans off juries poll taxes educatin tests that were skewed all kinds of you see the movie Selma you’ll see what they used to do it anyway they kept mexican-american Saunders no Mexican Americans ever served on the jury yet we know Mexican Americans lived in Texas i hosted who build the element right so remember the other so what happened was it was warned that wrote the decision and got his other justices to agree that it was this battle is denied the right to a fair trial and on a 7zip decision as you all know mr. Warren has I told you was his parents were immigrants came out here kind of like the secret screams secret screams were not wealthy his dad came up without a penny in his pockets just started you know saving up and they bought one anchor then they bought ten acres in they bought 20 and then before you do it about 2,000 but there are very very thrifty Swedish farmers in either case Warren’s parents came from Sweden he was born in LA in 1898 his dad worked on the railroad tracks up in the San Fernando Valley india in the San Fernando Valley initially ended up in the San Joaquin Valley who do you think he worked with on the on the railroad price there you go what up baby sup tiny but they were Mexican Mexicans their right to point my crafts on chinese mexican spanish my grandfather worked at ben gotcha on the railroads and i’m sure some of you have heard that you know our head family that did that too so Lauren grew up with Mexican Americans and you know who his best but buddy was he trained in World War one he trained with the famous actor Leo come here they train together to go to World War one we’re just about ready to go they were already on on the docks to build when 1111 1918 they declared an armistice in Europe but it was lil camille with his contacts in the Hollywood industry that helped Kent in warrens campaigns Warren ran for

governor three times 42 46 and 40 and 50 and was elected on a bipartisan ticket each time and he knew that one of his key supporters was a mexican-american Gavin Eamon ryokan view he’d come down to me Oh carriles ranches in Santa Barbara and in vista and incoming hobnob at that you know hungry events that Leo could be oneself anything when the new from dusk our teacher feelings memoriam was born in Three Rivers Texas about 1920 he was killed over in the Philippines and in 1947 as you all know you could have the remains of your love was brought back they were buried in our cemeteries of all those men who were killed in action we’re buried in our cemeteries overseas we have cemeteries in the Philippines ever in Europe and all over and it but if you wanted to you could leave them there or you could have the remains right back so in 1947 the family of Felix Longoria asked the government would you please have his remains brought back to Three Rivers Texas so that we can bury him with our families here in Three Rivers Texas so they said sure we’re doing that for everybody else so the Rockets remains back at a casket and when the family went to the local mortuary to have his remains you know in turn in the cemetery that local mortuary that owned the cemetery refused to do that they said no no Mexicans are varied in art Cemetery so mr. Lobo Diaz family you know what to do so they contacted dr Garcia founder of the GI forum dr Garcia is plenty about dr. Garcia he was from a family of 12 migrant farm workers but he was a smart kid and he just and so was his whole family I think three doctors out of his family and for nurses and a couple attorneys it was just a bright bright group he went to st. Mary’s Catholic school there in X’s that his medical degree when the war came along 1942-43 volunteer he goes up to the draft to the board there and they say yeah it goes at the point when he goes in for induction he says I’m a medical doctor and so I obviously they should have made him an officer and put him in the as an officer is on medical corps right they said he would had a medical degree with him because he was mexican is it all right private he got to go through boot camp in the whole bit so they didn’t have to go through the Oxford Candidate School he went through boot camp he went through just like anybody else who only maybe went to the sixth grade and he goes through when he gets overseas when he gets to Europe it’s not until then that he’s over there on the fronton beach and they’re telling him well you know about medicine yeah my medical doctor but no how come you didn’t get out us is that it to live that they put him into being a medical doctor and of course he’s with patent any any serves on his his time with padding the Third Army all the way up to the Rhine and he comes back and he comes back to Texas and in the movie giant the lady that wrote that book giant mark moral never name is she faced the character of the Mexican doctor whose daughter marries the son of Elizabeth Taylor and Rock Hudson Jody that kid that marries the girl that girl’s dad is dr. Garcia so she used dr. Garcia has her character for that Mexican doctor in that movie I think Modi’s hot I came out as the doctor in in Jack anyway dr. Garcia the family of Longoria cause him and he says will shoot you know what I know a guy but name of Lyndon Baines Johnson whose are our congressmen and maybe he can help us out Lyndon Baines Johnson was a poor cracker he got he went through college and where did he go to teach he went to teach along the Texas border teaching primarily Latino kids his first teaching assignment was along the Texas border teaching Mexican kids i think in Brownsville doors open put on massive and so he already understood that emo kids here are different Latinos and so he became a congressman pretty wheeling wheeler and dealer smart guy he tries to

convince a Three Rivers people to allow mobile unit be buried here they won’t budge he says you know what the hell we’ve got Arlington Cemetery back in Washington DC what we have been very clear with full military honors especially so they had him buried there with full military honors but you know what how sad it is I’ve been to Arlington three times and never once did any of those national tour guide tell us that he’s buried there they’ll tell me about the other guys they’ll tell me about a NATO Admiral tell me about somebody else moves from Rover one and somebody else that did this and somebody else that did that but they won’t tell me about where Felix don’t go do 3 i’m sure i can find out I’m sure the record is there but maybe it’s not too accurate because they had some problems Garling for the few years ago but in either case he’s buried there so poking with full military honors we need to make sure that we get that clearly put on the tour the maybe we get a monument of his honor so that the story can be told i go back to washington DC into japanese americans very smart but they did they got a park that they got the government to buy the land it’s close to the train station between the train station and Library of Congress so it’s on a very clean half cup the major hotels nearby they built out the park where it honors all of the 442nd and one hundred and first guys has all their names engraved there it has all the names of the places that the japanese americans were in turn at posted manzanar arkansas those different places tell us about tell us a story you go there the storage is there it’s engraved in the granite beautiful partner we taxpayers pay to the maintenance of that but it’s not a national park pretty smart they paid for the development of it to build it but we maintain to it for the Japanese American Association but in either case we should do something for physics of ammonia to showcase what he did and you know and what happened back 19.7 charge again thank you in all cuz they cut you pissed off in the beginning so I the motion like that put to very good use you know i I’ve been able to attend a lot of the events that you can cast a vote many recipe then we got the books Latino have my advocates for education right the creator of three books and I didn’t think you’re Jack judge’ gave us really an honor I know so that in case some people weekly or yourself judge judge idea is here to do this this the induction of our org and officers so judge lead us and I and I would hate to see when somebody pisses you on the page it does not make a solution tell people what they covering for me a criminal case be sure to break their own toothbrush right okay all right so the members of the board of directors up please come up cisco packet