NanoStation M5 Setup and Configuration

everybody welcome to crosstalk Solutions my name is Chris and today we’re going to be setting up a wireless bridge using the ubiquity nano station m5 now I’ve done setups in the past using the local version the smaller end version of the Nano station but this is the Big Daddy Nano station this is the m5 this is the top-of-the-line wireless bridge in the Nano station line and so I figured we take a look at it and get it set up and show you just how easy it is to create a wireless bridge and extend your network to remote locations up to 15 kilometers away so that’s one of the first features of this thing is that it can span it says actually 15 plus kilometers away so I imagine it can actually go a little bit further than that I’m sure it depends on conditions and how nice the line of sight is and things of that nature but yeah this is a 5 gigahertz it WAP rates on the 5 gigahertz wireless spectrum and you need a pair of these at least so that means that this can operate a point-to-point if you have two of them that’s how I’m going to set it up today this can also though do point to multi-point so if you have a bunch of these or if you have kind of a row of line-of-sight with a few of these you can pick up the signal from multiple different stations on the other end so you can send a signal out and then pick it up from 3 or 4 however many other nano stations you want as long as they’re within the radius of the wireless that’s being broadcast by the main device now the other thing that it can be is a wireless repeater and I’ve actually never set it up as a wireless repeater so I might try to do that as well um but what would you potentially use a wireless bridge for so first and foremost it’s basically just made for extending your network to places where it’s not feasible to run a wire so I have a customer for instance that has a two buildings that are right next to each other they’ve got windows in the building and they’ve got an ally a paved alleyway between the buildings so in order to run Kable between those two buildings they’d have to like trench up the alleyway run the cable and then you know repave it and that just doesn’t make sense when you know you can buy just you know a couple of these devices and get 300 megabits across that connection I mean literally 30 feet apart with these devices pointing right at each other it’s going to be a 99 or 100 percent signal strength and you’ll get over 300 megabits another use might be for if you’re in a rural area and maybe you’ve got a big property and you know say you’re you’ve got your main house where you have an internet connection and you’ve got a barn that’s you know a kilometer down the way across an open field well you could use one of these to shoot an Internet out to that barn or out to a more you know remote location something that that is further than a cat5 cable would be able to stretch okay with that being said let’s take a look at this device it’s pretty straightforward I’ve already unboxed it but what you get are some status indicators some LED status indicators in the back this is for power and then you’ve got Ethernet one Ethernet two and then four LEDs for the signal strength if you open up the bottom you have three ports you’ve got a main Ethernet port right here then you’ve got a secondary Ethernet port right there and then over here you’ve got the little reset switch the famous paperclip reset switch and that’s about it that’s all there is to it if you are going to use the secondary port you have to pop out the little placeholder cover here and I’ve already got my second one set up outside so let’s take a look at how I’m going to be setting this up okay so here we have a really quick diagram we could see I’ve got the internet connected to my router and my router is at 192 168 1 not 1 this first nano station is going to be the the main one or the bridge and then the secondary one is going to be the station so I’m going to set the bridge up as 192 168 1.10 by default the IP address of these devices is 192 168 1 not 20 so basically I just need to power it up login to 1.20 change the IP address and then we’re good to go now the secondary one is that I’m going to set to 192 168 1 dot 11 so basically I want to get in here and you have to set up both of the Nano stations on the same land initially once they’re both set up on the same land you can then disconnect the remote nano station and then go put it wherever you need to put it and link them up over

the wireless so once the second one is plugged in it’s got to Ethernet port so one of the finet ports I can just pull out to a switch or I can pull directly to a computer or something like that on the other side basically an extension of the land and then the secondary Ethernet port actually provides a 24 volt passive p OE so you can power some devices like a camera for instance or an access point if you wanted to create a separate wireless access point on the other side ok so let’s go ahead and get started I’m going to plug this first one in with Power over Ethernet and while that’s firing up so I’ve got it plugged in you can see the lights are starting to turn on here and while I’m firing that up I am going to put on the Vic WA T window mount and I’ll kind of show you how to do this so by default when you get these nano stations they only have the ability to pull map so it comes with this little sort of pole shaped looks like about a maybe inch and a half diameter 2 inch diameter pole shape that you can attach to a pole and then has some tie straps but when I’m setting these up I typically get the window slash wall mount kit which comes with a window mount if you want to suction it to a window or a wall mount if you want to suction it to a wall and then you basically just attach this extra thing here that actually fits on to the nanos so let me show you how that works basically this is a grooved little indention here and it fits right around that little pull shape thing on the back just like this so you can see that and then it has a cap that goes on top and locks it all in and then there’s a screw that you need to screw in okay there we go so that’s all screwed in nice and tight and now when you’re mounting it on a window you know if you’re mounting out on a wall it’s going to kind of go like this where it’s pointed out the back if you’re mounting it on a window you need to point it like this so that the window mount is actually in the front because I’m assuming you’re going on the inside of the window and so basically that just slips on like that one thing that you do have to do is change this bottom screw so that it’s actually on the bottom as a post on the top so by default it comes up here but if you leave it where it comes and you’re putting this on the front for window mounting there’s not enough clearance with this little thumb screw thing here so you got actually take that out completely put it on the bottom but now that it’s on here we’ve got full motion left and right and we’ve also got full motion up and down so we can sort of arrange this however we want in our window in my case I’m just going to be pointing it straight out the window because the secondary nano station is just about 30 feet out my window attached to a tree and I’ve got connections coming in from that one I’ve got both of the the primary and the secondary Ethernet port already wired right next to me here so that I don’t have to keep going outside to make changes so let’s hook this up to the window and then get in and start configuring it okay so that’s in the window I’m now going to pull up 192 168 120 in my browser and of course it’s going to give me some crap about not being a private connection but that’s okay you can just get past that and here we have the default screen so we have username and password by default is U u b NT u b NT and the password ub n t my country is United States and then I’m going to check the box to agree to the terms and click login okay so here we go the first thing that I going to want to do since I don’t want to use the default IP addresses I’m going to go ahead and switch the static IP address to 192 168 1.10 as per my drawing so to do that click on the network tab and then it’s already set to a static IP of 1.20 so I’m just going to change this to 110 and click change and then apply those changes okay so I’ve now been redirected to 110 and so I’m going to log in again UBN T and u BN t go ahead and click login and there we go okay so normally if I was setting this up for a customer I would run what’s called air view an air view is an application that comes with the Nano station and it basically creates a waterfall graph of the network interference that is being picked up by the nano station now this is nice so that you can actually see how much traffic is in your area and and it’s really a good idea to put the to manually set the channel of the Nano

station to a channel that’s the the least utilized channel in the area in my case I really don’t have anything in the 5 gigahertz spectrum so I’m not going to worry about running air view but if you’re interested in seeing how to run air view and how to interpret the results I’ll put a link to a video in the upper corner here for when I configured the Nano station local m2 in which I did a pretty in-depth coverage of air view and how to use it and how to interpret those results so go check out that video if you’re interested in air view in the meantime I’m going to skip that for this video and go straight into the wireless setup okay so let’s click on wireless and actually first before I even get into wireless I think what I should probably do is update the firmware so let me go back to network I’m going to put in the DNS settings manually I’m going to give it 4 – 2 – and eight eight eight eight and then we’re going to change that and apply it and once I’ve done that it will be able to now connect out to BIC watay and tell me that I don’t have the latest firmware so to set the latest firmware we’re going to click on the system tab and right here where it says firmware version XW 5.59 let’s go ahead and click check now it should pop up by default probably if I rebooted it it would have done so but you’ll get a little pop-up like this one that just came up here so it says firmware update version 5.6 – is available go to Ubiquiti Networks downloads page so we want X W version 5.6 – so let’s go ahead and click download and that’s it it’s downloading and updating the firmware okay so we’re going to agree to the license agreement for the new firmware and we’re going to click the update version to update to the latest version 5.6 – one thing to note about the firmware is you want to update the firmware on both of your devices both sides of the wireless bridge I had a situation recently where a customer of a customer of mine had updated the firmware on one side but not on the other and the wireless bridge wouldn’t connect at all so you have to update or at least make sure that both sides are on the same exact version of firmware okay so firmware is updated let’s log back in with you B and T and you BNT and there we go firmware version XW 5.6 – now that we’re in here let’s go ahead and change our administrator password as well away from the default so our current password is UB NT and let’s put in a new password here and go ahead and apply that by hitting the Change button okay so we’ve logged in we’ve changed the IP address we’ve changed the administrator password we’ve updated the firmware the last step is to go ahead and create our wireless network okay so to do that we want to click on the wireless tab and since this unit is going to be broadcasting the signal from our land we want to set the wireless mode to access point for transparent bridge mode want to enable that our SSID according to our document here we’re going to set to crosstalk cross talk and then we want to set our security to wpa2 AES with a pre-shared key of I’ll click show here crosstalk 1 2 3 4 5 everything else you can leave default unless you want to actually change the channel that it’s on in which case you can do so right here by changing the frequency in my case I’m just going to leave it to auto since I really don’t have anything else in the area that is using the 5 gigahertz spectrum so go ahead and click change and apply okay so we’re done with the setup of our access point and now we want to set up our station which is the secondary nano station that’s going to be receiving the signal from this access point okay so notice that on the first access point nano station number 1 we don’t see any connections there’s no quality being shown nothing is actually showing up here which means that it’s not connected to any other stations on the other side so the first thing we want to do is power up our secondary nano station now I’ve got the two plugs the primary and the secondary labeled one and two so we want to plug into number one and I want to use the power

over ethernet adapter so we’re going to say P OE and plug that in to number one and then we want to then plug the land into the land so I’m sure that’s firing up outside let’s just give it a second and then we’ll login to the interface okay so here we go this is nano station number two if we look at our drawing here now I am connected to the default IP address of the secondary nano station and I’m going to first configure it to be 192 168 1.11 so login with you bien tu BNT country is going to be USA and check the box to agree to the Terms and login click on the network page static we’re going to say 1.11 and let’s go ahead and give it the DNS right now so that when it comes back up it will automatically pop the screen prompting us to update to the latest version of firmware change and apply log back in and there we go and of course now it automatically says that a firmware update is available let’s go ahead and download it and install that firmware update just like we did on the first one ok so here we go I’ve updated now we are on 5.6 2 I’m going to go ahead and update the password as well while I’m in here and apply that and now let’s set up our bridge so this is the station we want to click on wireless and we want to put this into station mode first and then it should be able to actually detect the other side ok so here we go wireless mode set to station and then let’s go ahead and click select right here and it’s doing a site survey and it has found crosstalk that’s exactly what we want it also picked up my internal access points but we’re just going to select crosstalk and we want to click lock to access point now it’s going to prompt us for the password which was cross-talk 1 2 3 4 5 I believe let me double check yeah 1 2 3 4 5 and let’s go ahead and click change and apply okay so now if we click on the main tab of our station device we can see our signal strength which is minus 35 DBM that’s actually very good and we could see our quality so we’ve got 100% quality and 300 megabit per second up and down if we look at the main tab on our access point we can see very similar we can see 100% and we can see that we are now have we have one connection okay so let’s actually test this out at this point I’m going to disconnect the wireless I’m going to disconnect the station the remote side from my land so I am now disconnected and so now what I’m going to do is plug my computer into the land port of the power of Reason adapter and that should connect my computer that I’m recording this video on to the land port of the Nano station which will then wirelessly transmit to this and then back into this switch so let’s do a quick test we’re going to run a command prompt and I’m going to do from my computer ping – t 4.2.2 – so we can see I have internet access now I’m going to disconnect my computer from the network and there we go we’re getting requests timed out and I’m going to plug my computer into the land port of the power over ethernet adapter for the remote side and there we go I have internet access let’s go ahead and run a speed test and see how we’re looking okay so I’m gonna click begin test here we go my connection by the way is a 60 megabit per second charter cable connection and so it looks like I’m doing pretty good I’m getting a little bit over 60 megabit download I should get probably somewhere between 4 and 5 megabit upload and there we go that worked out really well so the internet connection is solid and like I said my computer is connected to the land port of the remote side which is

wirelessly connected to the bridge side or the access point side of the wireless bridge which is then connected to my network which is connected to the Internet so everything is working perfectly the last thing that I wanted to test was the pass-through port on the remote station so if I wanted to for instance set up an access point let me grab an access point so here we have a ubiquity AP AC light this is a dual band access point it runs over 24 volt passive P OE and I’m going to see if I can get this device to actually power up this access point with just the single 24 volt passive poa that I have running into it I might also have to have a higher p OE going into the remote station to do this but we will see here ok so right here if you click on advanced you cpoe pass-through and if I hover over the little question mark here it says when enabled this device allows power over ethernet to pass from the main port to the secondary port thereby powering an additional device such as a compatible IP camera so let’s go ahead and turn that on enable and hit change and apply ok so now I’ve got this secondary port this is wired to the secondary Ethernet or the p OE pass-through port of the remote nano station located about 30 feet outside my window here so a network cable this will do now we’re going to plug it in and see if we get power on our access point and there we go you can see that the access point is lighting up so it’s definitely getting power and in just a second it should turn green I’m sorry blue it doesn’t turn green anymore they turn blue so there we go so now I’ve got an access point this is running from my hand out to the remote nano station which is a wireless bridge over to this nano station which is then connected to the Internet so that works really well I believe you can also set up the remote nano station as just an access point or a repeater I should say so I’m going to fool around with that a little bit maybe I’ll do another video on how to set it up in a repeater mode but if you want a strong secure wireless bridge and then you want to put out an access point from that wireless bridge that certainly seems to work really well and again all I have powering this stuff is one p OE adapter that’s located right here in my room so I hope you’ve enjoyed this video my name is Chris with crosstalk solutions if you did enjoy the video please give me a thumbs up and if you’d like to see more videos like this please click Subscribe thank you so much for watching you