Golden Bear Orientation: Mechanical Engineering Department Session

– All right Good morning Golden Bears My name is Ricky Vides, I’m your Equity and Department Advisor in Mechanical Engineering in the Student Service Office Welcome to the number one public university in the entire universe I’m excited to start this chapter in our university’s history In the upcoming days, please take time to reflect and embrace what it means to enter our institution at this particular stage in your life As the years pass, the gift of time will remain relevant, as you all noted, we observed your individual and your collective growth When I entered Berkeley, I believed the myth that the next couple of years would be the last few years that I would spend in the classroom However, I firmly believe that by the time you graduate, what remains permanent is your pursuit of lifelong learning What I enjoy most about working with everybody is our global presence and our global reach Berkeley really is a global platform In our department, you’re part of a community that represents 80 cities and towns across California, six States across the union, and 36 countries from around the world And just to name a few, there’s folks in the audience that are from Australia, Brazil, Colombia, Canada, China, Egypt, Germany, France, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam, and much, much more Wherever you are in the world, I know that you will continue to contribute your time and energy, and as a department, we’re grateful for the many contributions that you will make Yes, all the legends are true, we’re an incredible university We train the best students in the world, and in our department, that training starts today, on day one We’re here to train engineers to rise up, to facilitate measurable growth in our society and respond to the needs of the future However, we’re only great because of the students that are in our audience While our department facilitates instruction and provides guidance throughout, it is everyone in this room who challenges us to perform at the best possible level on a daily basis And beyond the contributions that you will make in our department, you will engage with the community and share your expertise beyond our boundaries, which is something that I’m really proud of Before all that, you’ll spend many hours in this hallway, which is the HESSE hall, which will become your second home And you might start to feel like you’re a squirrel that’s hanging for your life at some point, with success just towering over you, wishing you can go back to the days where life was little bit more simple, you got to play with these, in all the complexities that you’ll be engaging with, you’ll be able to play with these And in between, of course, you’ll get to have some fun It’s all part of the transformation You might be shy now, you might feel a little out of place, but discovery and exploration and flash transcendence It’s exciting to go beyond what you know, it’s nice to travel into new dimensions, to build your skillset, your confidence This is all really exciting Here’s an opportunity for you to learn something every single day, either about yourself or about the world And soon you’ll be able to activate some support from the community, get some backup, and buy us a little help from your friends, form your inner beast, sharpen your claws and stand tall When this is all over, here’s where it all go down, long nights, bright days, you shining your light on all of us So let there be light, and go Bears If you need to get a hold of us, we’re at me.berkeley.edu, or you’ll have access to all our contact information I wanna introduce the Dream Team We have an exciting program for everyone, and it’s an honor for me to be able to share this great lineup of speakers and presenters with you all We have the Director of Student Services, Carolyn Clark, our Chair Dr. Roberto Horowitz, our Vice Chair of Equity, Grace O’Connell, our Vice Chair of Instruction, Dr. Van Carey and Dr. Hayden Taylor will be delivering a course demo We also have folks from the machine shop who’ll be sharing their expertise and offering a virtual tour So without further ado, I will introduce Carolyn Clark, who will take the stage

– Hi everyone, good morning, good afternoon, good evening, whatever time it is, wherever you might be, welcome to the Department of Mechanical Engineering Despite what’s happening around us in the world, and in our state, we are still so excited that you have decided to join us this fall Congratulations on all your hard work and effort to get here, and we are so happy to have you here and your families in some cases I have to say, I witnessed the university and our entire Mechanical Engineering Community putting in heroic efforts to maintain equality of the student educational experience last spring And we know that our plans for the fall will help make this coming semester a memorable quality experience as well I also know that you’re in very good hands with our undergraduate and staff equity advisors with beginners, please don’t hesitate to call on us or your ESS advisor with any questions that you have And I look forward to meeting you all on campus as soon as possible, hopefully in person, soon And now I have the honor of introducing our lustrous Department Chair, a triple Bear himself, Professor Roberto Horowitz – Thank you, Carolyn Hello everybody My name is Roberto Horowitz and I am a professor in the Areas of Control in Autonomous Systems and Robotics and the chair of the department Normally, I would spend my five minutes of fame telling you about my own 45 plus year uninterrupted experience at Berkeley, starting as an entering sophomore, more or less the same as just some of you in Mechanical Engineering and culminating so far as the department chair However, we are currently living in extraordinary circumstances You’re the first, in which most of you have not only graduated through a virtual online commencement, but you will be entering and attending your first semester at Berkeley also in a mostly virtual online manner because of the terrible pandemic that has engulfed the world in general, in our country in particular As if this was not enough, the state of California and particularly our Berkeley community is also currently confronting unprecedented challenges because of the horrific wildfires that are currently accosting us Thus the current challenges of having to simultaneously confront both the invisible threat of the Coronavirus while living, working, and studying under the very real safety threats posed by the wildfires should be a strong reminder that now more than ever, our society depends on a new generation of highly trained and thoroughly educated engineers that will lead us with clear and imaginative ideas and innovations into a more sustainable, robust, inclusive, equitable, and yes, prosperous future We believe that you will find Berkeley in general and our department in particular, to be an absolutely invigorating and stimulating environment in which to carry out the next phases of your educations and to prepare you to confront these challenges and many other challenges that lie ahead One thing that I can assure you about Berkeley is that you will never be bored and you will always many avenues to explore and challenge yourself So please choose wisely and conservatively on what you to get involved in, particularly during your first semester, so that you have the opportunity to explore our wonderfully diverse, fast pace and stimulating environment We are always here to help you Thank you And now, I’m gonna introduce our very capable and my good friend, Van Carey, who is the Vice Chair of Instruction I think you’re you’re muted – I’m still getting used to the controller, so Okay, well let me just say hello to everyone and welcome you all are new students into the ME program I am the vice chair of instruction for the Mechanical Engineering department, and I work with the staff in our student affairs office

to help coordinate the instructional programs in the ME department As I think Ricky was mentioning, you probably know that you’re entering one of the top Mechanical Engineering programs in the country Our undergraduate program is currently ranked number two in the nation, just behind MIT And that may seem a little daunting, but I want to assure you all that if you are here, it’s because we believe you have what it takes to be successful in our program We’re committed as a staff and a faculty to creating an environment that helps all our students be successful here So please try to take full advantage of the resources as you navigate your way through the program I’m going to actually take a counter position to what professor Horowitz said I see Berkeley as a very stimulating place, and I’m going to enthusiastically recommend that you take full advantage of that The fact is that there’s a lot of opportunities here on campus, both within the Mechanical Engineering department and the campus as a whole, to explore a wide variety of different areas and issues and challenges Ricky already mentioned that there’s a number of student groups that do things, working on special projects like the Solar Car Team and the Super Mileage Team There’s also groups that get involved in a variety of different activities connected to engineering, the student section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of Women Engineers and there’s also the Berkeley Nanotechnology Club So there’s lots of things outside of the classroom that you can engage in And these are opportunities to explore new areas and give you a chance to experience some of what’s going on at the cutting edges of these technologies I also wanna mention that one of the great things, at least in my opinion, about being at Berkeley is that just about every department on campus is among the best in their field And you have the opportunity to take classes with top instructors and students in those fields when you take electives in all these different areas This gives Berkeley a tremendous level of intellectual energy, and makes Berkeley a place that offers special opportunities for personal and professional growth So I’d encourage you to take advantage of some of those opportunities And if you have questions or concerns, please do reach out to faculty and staff, particularly in our student affairs office, we’re eager to try to help students if they’re encountering difficulties or just to have questions about how to proceed And I’ll close then by wishing you all the best in your academic work here at Berkeley, and I’ll cheer you on as we commonly do for all our students by saying go Bears And I guess I’m handing off the microphone here to our Vice Chair for Equity and Inclusion, Grace O’Connell – Hi, welcome everybody It’s really exciting to see a new cohort of students, even though it is virtual I hope we’ll be able to meet in person one day soon So I’m the vice chair of Equity and Inclusion And my research area is actually more in Medicine, Biomechanics, so I look at why and how the soft tissues in our body fail with age and with disease And it’s also a personal interest of mine as also an athlete and experience a lot of soft tissue injuries At Berkeley, here we wanna really see you succeed and all students to succeed And I worked very closely with Ricky We’re here to provide those sources of information that professor Cary had mentioned earlier, and to encourage all students to become involved in outreach activities Berkeley is well known for its community engagement and community involvement, both at the undergraduate and graduate level Students get involved at teaching at local schools when we used to have in person classes, so hopefully by next semester, next year, we’ll be able to do that again But we’re also here as a resource for you in case you’re experiencing any type of additional stresses that keep you from being able to succeed in your classes And this year is a particularly unique year in California as mentioned earlier with the COVID-19 pandemic and being in California with the wildfires that it seems like everything is coming all at once and we need to be dynamic and flexible We will provide resources, for example,

the Berkeley Basic Needs living document, what that means is it will be updated whenever there’s additional resources, whether it’s technology, food, so on and so forth But if there’s something that’s not on that resource document, feel free to reach out to myself or to the student services staff I just wanted to highlight some of those student groups that were already mentioned and where you can find some of these student groups So in a given year, we have tabling where student organizations can actually meet with you, but most of you are probably virtual this semester, so, if you go to the ME website, you can see a long list of ME related student groups Some of these are engineering based technical student groups, others are affinity groups, for example, the Society of Women Engineers, HES is for Latinx students, oSTEM is for LGBQT and BESSA is for Black Engineering Scientists And then ASME is just the general, overall student organization These are great organizations to join for peer mentorship and just a sense of community The peer mentorship and study group aspect of things will be particularly important as you’re starting your college career, for those of you in your first year, online, ’cause study groups are a great way to quickly learn ’cause the material that tends to be very fast here at Berkeley And then as you start to go through your college experience here and looking at what are your next steps? How do I apply my mechanical engineering degree out in the real world to get a job? We have community spotlight articles on the ME website So feel free to cruise through there and look at what various alumni have done with their Mechanical Engineering degree, what type of jobs exist There’s also faculty spotlight articles, for example, Professor Gollner started last year and he moved here last year and he does a lot of fire research, which is very applicable for California So welcome and go Bears And I think at this time we were going to pause for a few questions If there are any questions from the previous presentations, if not, I can present or introduce professor Hayden Taylor – How do they ask questions? Can they just stepping in and talk or? – They can put it in the chat I believe – They can put it into the chat? We have a lot of, we have 87 participants – You can also navigate to the top right and ask your question by asking a presenter, so if you wanna share your screen, you can ask your question and everybody in the audience can use that function – We were very clear – So there’s no way of, Zoom has a way of doing hands and things like that, no way of doing pulse, unless – Well, there’s no questions, I can introduce Professor Taylor Does that sound good Ricky? – Yeah, that’s great Actually, there was one question You wanna take that Dr. O’Connell? – Sure, what are some ways to go more in depth on specific pathways within Mechanical Engineering? One of the ways to do that is through the technical elective courses that you’ll take your junior and senior year I believe it’s 15 credits worth, of courses its that are required for the degree program So that’s a good way, and its like Ocean Engineering, take your class in Ocean Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Biomechanics, and we have a long list of options there Another way is to get involved in academic research and the most common way of doing that is reach out to various faculty that are doing research in an area that you think you might be interested in That we can get more hands on experience Or the last one I would say is student groups, student organizations, a lot of students will join student groups like CalSol and then they actually get hands on experience through that So there are multiple different pathways that you could go through

– There’s another one here When is the aerospace major coming to Berkeley? We’re not sure yet, we’re working on it, and by we, I mean the College of Engineering, but I am happy to report that we, our department, has just started a minor in Aerospace Engineering and it’s starting this year So we’re gonna have a series of courses that you can take, three courses, one in air in Aerodynamics and other one in Composite Material, and in one in another one is in UAV Control that will allow you to get a certified minor in Aerospace Engineering We’ve been working very hard and diligently on setting up a major Mechanical Engineering department, but it’s now gonna be taken to the College of Engineering, and I think this, during the next semester, we will have a plan to when we expand within one or two years, we will have a major in Aerospace – I just wanna add that if you’re entering as a freshmen, there’s a high probability that the major will be in place in time for you to participate in that later in your program If you’re entering as a JC transfer, it’s not clear whether that’ll be the case, but the minor is in place now, and students can begin participating in that even at this point in time – So there’s another question here it says, how do you know which prof is doing research? I would say most of the professors in the department are doing research So, the way to find out is look at the website and look through what areas and I have to confess my website is not the best one in the world, so, we won’t get that much of an idea of what my current research is, but some people do have a very good website Also, you can also visit us cybernetically, set up an appointment and chat with us But I would say a department has areas of expertise and at least the professors that are working in those areas, and I would look and explore their website, also their publication list There’s more questions – For the individual websites, you can go through the me.berkeley.edu website, I included a link in the chat that shows by area – So there’s another question Well, a lot of questions now, let’s see What activities – So the next question is what skills do faculty look for in a research labs, to hire for research labs? And I would say that varies very much from one professor to another And so when you’re looking for research opportunities, don’t be afraid of rejection or not getting a response If you don’t get a response, that has nothing to do with your application, it just means that our emails are a mess and we have a hard time finding emails So just keep at it, just keep emailing and try to get in – But the skills, it depends on the area as Grace said, but I would say a most important skill is enthusiasm and willingness to work hard And of course, we will also be looking for, make sure that you can embark on the research, so sometimes you need to have taken some courses like programming, some math courses, et cetera But we’re always looking for young, talented minds to shape and to work with So it’s the favorite job of all of us, I think, is to do research with our students – I’d also like to add – Yeah I think – What Dr. Carey – Go ahead – Yes, I’d also like to add that we, in our curriculum is structured in a way that you start to develop skills pretty early on So for example, a lot of our students will take E7 during their first year They’ll take a data science course by the time they’re done with their fourth semester And although the combination of those skills of being able to program, being able to have some exposure to data science and also engaging with computer aided design tends to open up opportunities for students to be strong researchers So, just keep in mind that our curriculum does support being able to gain those research opportunities, if not in our department, in other departments as well So I definitely encourage everyone to set up meetings with faculty, look out for weekly emails that I send out

that have announcements around different research opportunities Our faculty will send me different announcements to share out with the community And also there’s different opportunities, I heard somebody mentioned URAP, which is that stands for Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program, and we often combine forces with URAP which is an LNS program to Alaskans to do research through them while being supported by one of our labs – So sorry, a short question here, can students who are not in Mechanical Engineering do the aero minor? And the answer is yes, you can, as long as you have taken the prerequisites or equivalent So yeah, we’re not restricting the minor just to Mechanical Engineering students In fact, we would want to have as many outside students as we can – Alexander and Dillon ask questions that are related to internships and getting closer to industry One thing that I’ll comment on in addition to career fairs, student organizations, well, have info sessions by various industry members So keep an eye out for that, because that would be advertised to their newsletters sent out by Ricky as well – So there’s one here that says, I don’t know, as a mechanical engineer, would you all advise to take the Fundamentals of Engineering exam, EIT? What kind of boost does it give you? What industry requires it? If yes, when would you recommend taking it? I don’t know the answer of that, does anyone? – Well, I can I comment on that at a little bit, I actually have taken the EIT and the approach in my case was simply that it was easy to take immediately after I had finished my bachelor’s degree, because you had already mastered all the fundamentals and it was an easy exam to take and pass It is a pathway to a professional engineering license, and there are certain areas of engineering practice where that is valuable if you work for a consulting firm or you work on government projects where having a professional licenses is an important credential, that can be beneficial Civil engineers often get this type of credential because it supports construction type projects Mechanical engineers, I don’t think it’s of much importance because most companies don’t really see that as being a tremendous advantage If you leave Berkeley with a BS in Mechanical Engineering, most of the companies in California and across the US will recognize your level of technical expertise as high And I don’t think you would gain a lot by doing the EIT Can’t hurt, it’s easy to do right after you graduate, if you wanna do it, but it probably isn’t really horribly necessary for most applications – Okay, there’s another question that says how often should Mechanical Engineering students undertake internships? – I’d say the frequency that I see it is every summer, usually students will engage in internship However, it does vary, some students will do a mixture of like one summer, they’ll do research, the next summer they’ll do internships Quite often, students will do this, they’ll engage with internships over the summer like I mentioned, however, there are co-op opportunities So, certain industries will recruit you to actually leave school for a semester and be part of the industry full time And that’s called a co-op, if you hear that term, that’s what it means But I think in terms of getting an internship, having like two or three under your belt, by the time you hit the market is usually a good way to go – Yeah, I strongly recommend that I took one when I was a Berkeley student, I ended up going all the way to my home country in Venezuela and working in an oil refinery And was really, really interesting So I would say particularly if it’s a good company and it’s a good opportunity, I think, and in the summer, is that it’s a valuable experience Let’s see There’s more question, I saw on Facebook that EECS has an internship, they’re coming up on handshake Will there’ll be one soon for Mechanical Engineering as well?

Ricky, you know wherever we’re setting something up like that – And so right now we’re working on a career fair, which has a lot of that same flavor It’s not specifically an internship fair, however, a lot of the industry that we do invite are either looking to hire students full time once they graduate or recruit them for summer internships So, it’s in the works and we’re hoping that we can have one planned out by the end of September Stay tuned – Okay, here’s one that I think is gonna elicit several responses, it says here, how many clubs or research opportunities do you think is manageable to deal with as a junior transfer? So, already tell you what I thought Van says, I don’t know, I think my feeling is I advise students to be conservative first, make sure that you’re handling your courses correct, well And don’t get too much over your head On the other hand, I think it’s a very good, they’re wonderful, we have some wonderful groups like the mileage, the racing team So you got to play it by year a little bit, in particular, the one thing that you’re gonna find is that Berkeley is more challenging than your typical junior college So, if you were doing great at your junior college and you had ample time to spare, then by all means, otherwise be a little bit conservative at the beginning, but then plunge in, I think it’s one of the great experiences of Berkeley I don’t know if Van you wanna add something – I think I would just add one comment and that is that, these activities kind of break down into two groups, the clubs that work on high mileage vehicle and solar car and human powered vehicle, those give you a little bit more of an engineering experience The focus is on designing and building and performance testing If you’re really seeing yourself pursuing an engineering career, and that’s the type of activity you like, then certainly, I would encourage you to go for something like that If you think you would wanna go undergraduate school and do more high tech related stuff, that might make more sense to focus on some sort of undergraduate research activity, because that would give you an opportunity to see what research at the graduate level is like and get a sense, if you like it, and what areas of activity you’re most interested in, and that will help prepare you for some decisions about whether you wanna go to graduate school – So I guess I’ll let light come in and address the question about the minor What I would suggest is just keep it in mind that time is a non-renewable resource, right? You have a limited amount of time, and depending on what your own personal goals are may decide how many clubs you’re interested in and what type of clubs you’re interested in being in, because your GPA doesn’t define you So, if you participate in more hands on activity clubs, and you get really involved in it, that may impact your performance in your classes, but you also pick up skills So these are all personal decisions that you have to make and weigh the balance on all this – And Sera asked a question about, when should we start looking for internships and what is the process like for it? I’d say that probably hiring cycles for companies tend to be in mid to late September, for hiring folks that are gonna be graduating that May, however, for internships, I’d say there’s a window for summer internships, generally between January and the end of February, that are the most highly recruited, that’s the most highly recruited season However, I would say, keep looking up beyond February, different things happen at different companies There might be a gap that might need to be filled, and you might be able to fill that gap So definitely stay engaged with companies that you’ve had contact with at career fairs and just check in with them because the internship cycle is sometimes relative – So I was pointed out that I skipped one question from Luceto, so let me mention, let me read the question – We just took care of it, Dr. Roberto – Oh, you just took care of it? – Yeah – Oh, okay, there we go Okay, sorry So what’s the next? Oh, does COE have the Faculty Mentoring program? The answer is, yes Somebody here is looking way ahead, but anyway,

so we do mentor our faculty, when we have our junior faculty assistant professors, they all get assigned to one or two mentors from who normally are more senior faculty to advise them on the do’s and don’ts, and also the college, both the campus and the college actually offer quite a bit of advice in courses, much more than they used to offer when I came in I don’t know if anybody, Grace, you have any comments on that? On the faculty mentoring? – That it’s helpful – You got some good mentors, I know that – Yes, official mentors and non official mentors – Yeah, that’s right, official not official – I wonder if that question was about faculty mentoring students? – I can answer that question So there are, we do assign every incoming student with a faculty advisor and we do update that list around registration time Really, a lot of our faculty will be aware of the different requirements, however, I advise you to really reach out to myself and the ESS advisors for different curriculum matters But what we do is we do set it up around that time period, in case that’s intersecting with your goals Once you have an assigned faculty member, definitely touch base with them, send them an email and try to find a time to connect with them so that you could have some connection to our department And they might not be the best person for you initially, but they’ll be able to connect you with the next person, so, the whole goal is just for you to have some exposure to faculty by assigning our students to faculty mentors – Yeah, and they would be good to talk to about specific questions like minors and minors for you and what your goals are or what other classes you should take, for example, maybe you wanna teach, taking classes in Education or in Business That’s what your faculty mentor or your ESS mentors are there for – So I just wanna make a comment that we need to move the program along a little bit more so that we can cover some of the other elements that we wanna present during the program However, I can answer two more questions and then move on to Dr Taylor’s presentation So I’m gonna answer, let’s see, I’ll answer, I’ll ask the last, I’ll check the last two that we’re asked So someone who’s potentially looking to pursue an MBA, maybe in the future, would you think that taking those technical electives would be better than pursuing a full MBA degree? – And I can just – Go ahead – I was just gonna respond to Jessie’s question about internships and international students My observation has been that that many of the companies, at least in the Bay area and Silicon Valley tend to be fairly open minded about attracting international students into internships So, I would say that the chances of an opportunity there are reasonably good, if you make the right connection, so it may not necessarily be a barrier – I would also say our Berkeley International offices had resources and all adverts in chat as well – So in terms of the question about Business Administration and Economics, we do offer some technical electives that can be taken in that area However, we are pretty restricted in terms of our technical electives, so, nine out of the 15 units have to be ME sponsored, which really does limit your choices to be able to extend beyond that You could take some courses in Economics for fun on top of our pretty heavy curriculum However, if you’re interested in pursuing an MBA, one way that I think that you can consider that is taking a decal through UGBA, which is our undergraduate Business Administration program, there’s a lot of opportunities there There’s also opportunities for you to collaborate and do either different design projects or offer some of your engineering skills to the projects that they’re working on So, there’s a lot of cross disciplinary opportunities, that I think that feed your entrepreneurial spirit, so just keep that in mind, it’s not entirely convenient, intersecting with our curriculum, however, there are extracurricular opportunities So we’ll transition now to Dr.Taylor, who’s gonna offer us a course demo,

and I’d like to ask the other presenters to, you can either leave, which I think would be better because Dr.Taylor would have the floor to himself, now that your presentations are over, or at minimum, I think you should minus your screen – Bye bye – Bye everyone Right, great, well, so would you still like me to finish by 12 or? – You can go on a little further if you need to Dr.Taylor – Okay, cool, I’ll try to not take too long So yeah, I gonna talk to you today about a couple of things One, is to share with you some of my, how I got to Berkeley, how I ended up here, and I think that’s relevant because it’s definitely informed some of the things that I work on now in my research And I’ll show you some of the work that we’ve been doing with a new form of 3D printing that can create three dimensional objects very rapidly and generate all points in the object simultaneously So, I’m from the UK originally as you may possibly be able to tell, and I was an undergraduate in Cambridge, and then when I was a junior, I had the opportunity to actually come to the US and do a year long exchange at MIT, which was actually the first time I’d been to the States, the first time I’d actually been on an aeroplane So it was a big adventure and really reshaped my life in a couple of ways, because while I was there, I did do undergraduate research in a lab that looked at semiconductor manufacturing processes and some of the sources of variation that cause semiconductors not to yield perfectly when they’re manufactured So, I worked on that and in fact loved it so much that once I got back to the UK, I decided I would apply to come back to the States and do my PhD here, which I duly did, in fact, in the same research group So, I then spent five years in Boston working on my PhD And in the course of that, actually I made quite a few trips to Singapore and we had a sponsored research project with couple of universities in Singapore, all about manufacturing, microfluidic devices, in other words, labs on chip, that can do diagnostic tests in seconds And we will try to look at how you would manufacture these in their millions once they really came on stream So, I went there and then at the end of my PhD, became very interested in how I could use actually optics inside microfluidic devices So, I then moved to Singapore and I did a postdoctoral stint, a couple of years there, working on this new idea It was a big, big departure leaving Boston, something that I, sometimes wondered whether I’d made the right decision to move into a radically different research topic And actually while I was there, I was on the faculty at the technological university there, NTU, and there actually met a faculty member from Berkeley who then introduced me to the department, and I ended up getting hired here I’ve been here since 2014 and love of teaching and research and all the other things that happen here So, the reason I told you all that is that the path is definitely seemed quite secure at times One thing has seemed to lead naturally to another, but there have definitely been times when I’ve wondered whether I was making the optimal decision, but all of the things that I’ve done, semiconductor manufacturing, microfluidics, optics, they’ve all played into the research that I do now, and I think it’s because I’ve had a range of experiences that my research is what it is So, I would say, if things don’t seem linear or logical at any given moment, that’s not necessarily a problem So actually, my degrees or my majors were Electrical and Electronic Engineering, but my undergraduate degree, very broad, so we did do Mechanics and Materials and Thermo fluids and so forth So, I had quite quite a range of course experiences And that was also useful because during my PhD, I got into a research problem called Nanoimprint Lithography, so as you’re probably well aware, semiconductors are getting, transistors are getting smaller, faster, cheaper all the time And actually probably one of the two biggest challenges that the semiconductor industry faces today

is physically creating such small Sub-10 Nanometer Features Usually it’s done with projected patterns of lights, diffraction is now really the limiter on that And so there is a school of thought that you should move to a mechanical way of doing it, where you create a stamp that has these 10 Nanometers Features on it, and you use it to physically deform a layer of polymer material to create those shapes, which can then be transferred to the silicon underneath And it’s a radical departure for it to work, it really relies on a lot of Mechanical Engineering theory, contact mechanics, elasticity, and so forth And so that problem became interesting to me because I had the EE coursework, I had worked for a semiconductor manufacturer, designing memories, and I also had some of the Mechanical coursework And so the intersection is what was interesting to me So, and similarly, some of the Signal Processing courses that I had taken actually became really important when we started working on the tomographic printing process, I’ll describe in a moment So, Ricky, wanted me to say a few words about some of the courses that I teach here, and so I teach predominantly Manufacturing and what I’ve done for quite a few years here is teach a class called Intro to Manufacturing or Engineering 27 We’re actually going to segue into a new class in the spring, which I will be teaching the first iteration of called E29 And we’re actually integrating our Intro to Manufacturing class more with the graphical communication, we’re gonna call it Manufacturing and Design Communication But a lot of the principles will remain the same And I think one thing that distinguishes Berkeley’s curriculum from some others is that we are not just trying to inform you about what is out there in the world of engineering today, we certainly do that, we study how various manufacturing processes work and the physical principles behind them and so forth We’re not just trying to do that, we are also trying to encourage you to develop ways of analyzing, critically appraising and possibly also inventing new ways of doing things in my field, Processing Material, creating new manufacturing processes that may be more energy efficient, use less raw material, use raw materials that are more available and so forth And so I think it’s that sort of a framework for analyzing things that we really try to emphasize So, for example, in Engineering 27, soon to be 29, when we look at 3D printing or Additive Manufacturing processes, rather than just go through a list of different processes, powder fusion, fuse deposition modeling, stereolithography, we kind of break it apart into the functions that have to be performed So we say okay, well, any additive process has to somehow supply material in a way that can be reformed or reshaped, in other words, it might come in a powder, it might come in filaments, it might come in sheets, it might come as a liquid and various different materials could come in those forms We have to supply energy to the material to transform it into the final object We might do that with light, we might do it with heat, we might do it with some other form of energy like electromagnetic radiation in non-visible ranges So there are all sorts of ways we could deliver the energy to transform the material And then you’ve got to have a way of controlling the shape You do that with a scanning mirror that reflects a laser beam across a powder bed Do you do it with the led screws, linear actuators? Do you do it with some other form of actuation? And the reason we break apart, we try to break apart these different functions and then reconstitute them in the class is that there may well be combinations of solutions for these functions that no one has thought of before That could be combined in new ways to make for a more effective manufacturing processes And actually, that is one of the things that we try to do in my research group, you try to invent manufacturing processes that use less material or energy and help with both the economy and the climate in various ways So, I’m just gonna share with you in it for a few minutes, a piece of work that we have been doing over the last few years, and this is, now okay

I think it should work Right Okay So this is a new way of 3D printing Now, pretty much any 3D printing process that you will come across today, isn’t really 3D, and what I mean by that is that you build up the object through a long sequence of lower dimensional unit processes For example, if you are doing fused deposition modeling, you are extruding molten polymer out through a tiny nozzle, and you have to draw out a bead of polymer to create one layer at a time Or if it’s a laser centering of metal powders, very often, you’re scanning a point of light across the surface to local melts And so it’s slow, you have to worry about the thermal characteristics of that process, what thermal gradients and therefore stress gradients will be built up in the manufactured parts There are some processes that have a one dimensional unit process, where you, for example, you are squirting a row of droplets of liquid onto the part at any given moment, the Hewlett Packard multi jet fusion printers are an example of that object printers These are printing resins that will solidify once they’ve been jetted onto the surface So, the ability to produce multi material parts, but also is rather slower than they could be And then you’ve got 2D units processes, where you create one layer of an object at a time And this is very often referred to as stereo lithography or digital light printing And if you’ve come across the company Carbon or Carbon 3D, in a very fast stereolithography systems, what they’re doing is they’re shining up a pattern of light from a video projector up through a tray of resonance, solidifying a microscopically thin layer of material, one at a time So, that’s faster than 0D or 1D, but it’s still slow, and you still we’ll get directionality in the mechanical properties of the objects that are produced to some degree So for a while, people have been thinking, well, could you actually do a truly 3D process where you create the whole 3D object at once? And one approach to that is to do what’s called holography, where you create a three dimensional field of light by interfering many beams coming in from different angles And because light has a specific wavelength, and you can control the relative phase of many different rays of light, you can get them to interfere and create a 3D pattern of light And if you’re printing into a photo sensitive material where that light is brighter, you’re gonna get solidification So this seems like a thing that’s worth pursuing, a lot of people are pursuing it, we looked at it for a while The trouble with this is that it’s much easier to get high spatial resolution within the plane of the projector In other words, from left to right in this sketch than it is in the direction the light is propagated It’s hard to get high resolution in all dimensions The second problem with it is because you’re relying on phase and interference between different beams, it’s very, very sensitive to tiny aberrations in the refractive index of that material One of the problems is as you solidify, a photo polymer is refracted in it, actually goes up slightly So, you’re actually introducing scattering and errors as you print So what if you could do it without relying on phase, just relying on intensity? And one thing that you could do is beam in different patterns of light from three orthogonal angles, X, Y, and Z, and where those patterns of light intersected, they would be brighter just by adding together the intensities of the light, and you’d be able to solidify materials So that’s great idea, it could be very quick, but it’s quite geometrically limited because you can only solidify where those beams actually intersect, they’re limited to basically quite symmetrical objects So we then thought, well, could we make a more general approach that is all about superimposing intensity? And we looked at computed tomography, which is an imaging technique that’s used very widely in engineering inspection, in medicine, you go to the hospital and get a CT scan, they beam x-rays through the body from many, many different angles, capture an image of what is transmitted, and new software to reconstruct with an algorithm, what actually lies inside the body So, we thought let’s flip that principle on its head

and create objects topographically rather than imaging them So, we have now a rotating container of a light sensitive liquid, like a photo polymer, and we have a light projector, this normal video projector, as it shining in a constantly evolving pattern of light from the side And so as the object rotates, the pattern is changing, and over time, the total dose of light, the total number of photons at any given point in that volume receives can be controlled independently in X, Y, and Z, where that those exceed the threshold, you can get solidification So we call this process Computed Axial Lithography, or CAL for short, and he has a short video that explains how it works So let’s say you want to print this at this stinker, statue, you take your CAD model, your STL file You would look at it from many, many different angles in software and create what are called projections through that You then have to do some manipulation of those, some optimization, but after that, you string them together into a video, you play it back into this rotating VAT of light sensitive material It’s important to note that this has the rays have to go through it, getting very gently absorbed as they do so And so over time, you’re synthesizing dose of photons, but every point in the object is receiving light at any given moment, which is crucial for being able to form the part simultaneously Once it’s formed, you can drain off the resin and post processor So, here are some very early videos that we made of the process working, and the light is coming in from the side And the yellow container is the photosensitive material It’s sped up a little bit and you’ll see that over time, actually, you’re not seeing much, but right at the end of the process, you start to see the image changing And that’s because the refractive index is going up As I mentioned, it’s starting to scatter light back into the camera so you can see it So this is probably the biggest object that we’ve printed so far, is the dental model And here are some examples of components that we can print We can bring complex geometries that are not in any way symmetrical, we can print lattices that have internal voids, so even though the light is beaming through the volume, you’re not actually having to solidify everything inside, you can print objects within objects, you can print support suspended structures without actually having to have removable support material And as anyone who has worked with other 3D printing processes may know very often, you have to put in temporary support and break it away later Well, with us, the liquid is the support, we can use really high viscosity resins that provide that support during printing You can print it into really soft materials like hydrogels, which can potentially be really valuable for a tissue engineering applications in the future The apparatus that we use for this it’s pretty simple It’s one axis of rotation, it’s an off the shelf video projector, maybe an extra lens, but it’s not difficult to make the apparatus, the materials are mixed from off the shelf components where the sophistication really lies is in the computation So we are trying to take a CAD model of apart, slice it, and then figure out what should the projected video pattern be And I don’t really have time to go into this much, but we’re using something called the radon transform, which is widely used in computer tomography imaging, but we have to add some sophistication on top of that for the following reason, in computed tomography, it’s fine if there’s no restriction on whether the signal that you’re capturing needs to be positive or negative, but in projecting light, you can’t have a negative intensity So, whatever pattern we design in our video that gets projected in, it has to be either zero intensity or finite positive intensity And actually a lot of the work that we do now is trying to come up with better algorithms that will take the raw output of the radon transform it so that when you project back the light, with this constraint, that has to be positive intensity, you can actually get close to the desired geometry So this is an example of what you have just immediately after the radon is applied, and this is after some optimization, things have sharpened up, you get a much sharper transition of dose We’re working a lot right now on printing very soft materials, printing these hydrogels We care about that because creating artificial vasculature systems networks of blood vessels

with a wide range of length scales is really important And they have to be very, very soft youngest modular down to maybe a hundred Pascal in some types of tissue So this is something where our process potentially comes into its own, because of the constant support that the resin gives you Okay, I’m going to actually just stop sharing my screen and just make a few more remarks before I finish I realized that I’ve gone 10 after, so I’ll try and wrap that very, very rapidly So I saw there were a lot of great questions about how to find good research opportunities and how many different research and extracurricular things to do And I think, most students grapple with this and I certainly did as a student, I did a lot of theater, actually designing theater and doing productional theater And that is almost an unbounded timestamp if you let it be So I’m well acquainted with the challenges of managing time I would say, obviously I’m just one of about 40 or more faculty in our department, almost all of us are doing research most of the time So, I would really encourage you to just go and connect with either people we’re taking classes with or people whose research papers or websites look interesting to you I would second the comment about persevering, I’m afraid, my email inbox is always overflowing, so even though I would love to be really prompted and it allows me wanted to be in the lab, sometimes it’s a thing through the cracks So, definitely persevere And as to sort of how to balance whether to do lots of different things or whether to sort of focus on a limited number, I think that there are arguments both ways And honestly, I would say one of the nicest things about doing undergraduate research is that it really, it helps you to gauge whether graduate school is something you would enjoy And there’s a world of difference, of course, between doing well in coursework where the objectives are well-defined and the knowledge is defined versus research where the whole point is we don’t know what the outcome is going to be We are trying to be the first people in the world to figure something out So, that sort of uncertainty or the need to be chatting a path with colleagues is something that can be really unsettling at first, and it takes a little while to get used to it and embrace it So I would say, give yourself the opportunity to embrace it and that may mean doing multiple stints in different labs You probably want to see, do you want to do more computational work as as with COW, we do a lot of algorithm development, but we also do a lot of experimentation in the lab So, different people like doing different things, and that will ultimately inform which labs you may want to do graduate work in, it that’s what you do end up doing or what industrial position you seek? So, I would say, enough to get a cross section, but also it is worth sticking with something, I would say to the point where you can prove a contribution And what’s really nice is if you can somehow get your name onto a conference paper or a journal paper that the lab you’re in is producing And if you go and work there, work with the grad students, contribute show up, that’s totally doable I think So, I would say having that marker there, that I was in a lab, I contributed, and here’s what I’ve got to show for it, that is really potentially quite, quite valuable when it comes to graduate school applications and so on So, I hope that that is helpful to people Oh, and some people may not be aware that research doesn’t have to be on a volunteer basis A lot of it is, but a lot of it is also a paid of grants that people have, and also you can get credit by various course numbers for independent studies centered around research So I hope that has been somewhat helpful Ricky, is there anything else you’d like me to say? – Thank you Dr. Taylor for giving us a great presentation Right now, we’re gonna be transitioning into a virtual tour of the machine shop But I think we have time for one or two questions So if anybody has one or two questions, feel free to ask them in the chat Someone wrote a isn’t this basically still 2D

where you’re just rotating instead of translating – No, because you’re constantly able to expose every point in the volume, even though the intensity that is being seen at any given point maybe fluctuating over time, every point can be getting exposed over time And that’s important because actually one of the main things that limits the throughput of a 2D photo polymer process where you’re lifting the object out of a tray is the hydrodynamic effect So I think you’re actually printing a fine layer of material, and you’ve got to lift it up, and actually in doing that, you’ve got to draw in liquids to replace, the fill the gap that’s being created The resin has a finite viscosity, if you’re printing a wide thin component, that will take time That’s the big departure, that the object you’re printing, every point is getting exposed simultaneously, and you don’t have relative motion of the object relative to the liquid while you’re printing So, you can actually use a wider range of materials, much more viscous materials, or even things that are gels at the time they’re being printed Does the process necessarily rely on using visibly transparent materials? All right, good question That was one of the questions that the reviewers asked us as you might imagine So it has to be reasonably transparent to the light that you are using to initiate the solidification reaction and that wave length, we worked with a lot of different wavelengths, everything from not long wave length UVs, with 365, 375 nanometers to blue to even green And do you want it to be absorbent enough that the process takes place at a reasonable rate, you gotta get the photons absorbed, to trigger the chemical reaction, but not so absorbent that it all gets absorbed near the edge And actually we think that the processes at its fastest when went about one over E of the intensities absorbed by the time you get to the middle of the VAT So if you wanted to make things that were visibly opaque, you could do that with some constraints If you put a dye in, that is not going to absorb that the illuminating wave length, and we did that actually with a dye, crystal violet, which looks purple So it transmits really well at UV in blue, but absorbs that longer wavelengths, and so you can sort of play off the illumination and then the appearance of it – All right, well thank you Dr. Taylor, I really appreciate your willingness to join us during a GBL and I’m sure all the students look forward to meeting with you in the spring – Cool, yeah, I look forward to it too – All right – Okay, oh, one more question, sorry, they keep coming, can the dye be put in later? No, not that easily, because once you solidified it, the diffusivity of materials goes right down You can certainly put coatings on One thing you thought about is could you kind of precipitate little nano crystals after you printed to turn it from transparent to opaque, but we haven’t been able to do that yet Okay? Okay, I don’t want to take up the entire afternoon – That’s okay, we’ll take the last one – Okay, this last one And you can email me actually hkt@berkeley if you have other questions, but do you have any indication to whether the photo active materials is suitable for human tissue? I mean, photo polymers and their biocompatibility has been a huge field of study for a long time There are plenty of photo initiators that have been proven biocompatible We actually, when we started doing this work, we actually focused on something called camphorquinone, which is used in the dental space, is sensitive to blue lights which is preferred because you don’t have to shine UV into people’s mouths So that that’s definitely a huge area of research, and we’re taking advantage of what has been done – All right, thank you so much and we’ll be transitioning to a virtual tour of the machine shop, followed by an introduction from our machine shop specialist Thank you Dr. Taylor – Hello and welcome to the Mechanical Engineering

student access machine shop My name is Jacob and I’m one of five technical staff members that work here in the student shop Today, I’m gonna take you on a tour of the shop and show you some of the equipment that students had access to But first, I like to describe what it is that we do here The student access machine shop provide students with the unique hands-on learning experience that helps bridge the gap between the theoretical and practical world of engineering Here, students learn about machinery that’s commonly used in present day manufacturing This experience helps students better understand the abilities and limitations of various manufacturing techniques, and ultimately makes them better designers and engineers Students can get access to the student machine shop by belonging to one of the three following university based organizations Class, research and pre approved extra-curricular team-based projects Students belonging to any one of these three organizations can receive full access to the shop after our comprehensive shop training course The hands on portion of the training covers the basic fundamentals for operation of most machines in the shop, including belt sanders, bandsaws, short presses, engine lands and milling machines At the end of the training, students are asked to reproduce this part, the 3D printers, the machine begins printing a 3D model at the very bottom and works its way up one layer at a time until the entire printing is completed The process for 3D printing begins with the development of a CAD file or computer aided design file From there, the CAD file is imported into 3D printing software where it is graphically sliced horizontally and a tool path is generated for each layer The tool path has specifies the motion of the printer and instructs the machine where to displace material Once the CAD file has been sliced, and the tool path has been generated for each layer, the code is unloaded onto the 3D printers and the machines can begin printing the object 3D printing is an excellent resource for rapid prototyping Students are able to design a component and then produce a three dimensional object in a matter of a few hours This allows them to test the form and fit of a component and really get a sense of how it interacts with other components Oftentimes, a design will have pitfalls that the designer could not have anticipated until having the physical part in front of them However, because of the relative speed and ease of 3D printing, students can make design changes to their CAD files and reprint the component within an only a matter of a few hours and can continue this process until they’re fully satisfied with the object’s functionality Once they have finalized the design for a component, they can then proceed with manufacturing that component out of a more durable material on another machine A CNC machine or computer numerical control is a machine whose movements and commands are executed by a central computer for control This is a CNC milling machine Milling machines are equipped with a rotating spindle, for a cutting tool in stations As a work pieces fit into that rotating cutter, it removes the material The movements of the workpiece along the X and the Y axis as well as the movement of the spindle along the Z axis are controlled by this central controller Additionally, the rotational speed of the spindle, how quickly the workpiece has fed into the cutter, tool changes and much more are also controlled by this controller The control and in turn, the movements of the machine is driven by a conversational programming language called G code G code is an alphabetical and numerical based programming language that tells the machine to execute a command, where to execute it and how quickly to execute it It can repeat these commands efficiently, repeatedly, and accurately This makes the machine highly useful in large scale manufacturing applications where thousands of parts need to be made daily, and each of those parts needs to be identical Here is a sample part that we’ll be cutting in our demonstration I’d like to point out that once I start the program, at no point in time during the cutting process, will I have to intervene or interact with the machine CNC machines are meant to automate many of the manually based manufacturing processes previously used, ultimately increasing efficiency, quality control, and productivity I’d also like to point out the tool changing system on this machine This machine is equipped with a 20 station tool changing carousel This means that up to 20 different tools can be loaded into the machine and use the cut a wide variety of features on a part The machine will swap out the current tool in the spindle for a different one at a specified point in the program – All right

I wanna bring a Scott to the stage, our machine shop specialist, who’ll be able to answer any questions that you might have – So for those that missed it earlier, I provided a link to the page where you can actually see the video You shouldn’t have the like lag and like sort of audio that we were experiencing here I’ll just go ahead and post that up in the chat again, if you missed it and yeah – Scott, you wanna introduce yourself and let all the folks know how much experience you have? – Sure Pardon my getup, but actually, I’m on campus, so, trying to follow all proper safety protocols My name’s Scott McCormick, I’m the manager for the technical staff for the department of Mechanical Engineering So that includes the student access machine shop, which Jacob is one of my colleagues There’s also two other technical staff that work in the student shop full time Under a normal circumstances, you would be signing up with us for a safety orientation for the student shop, which takes approximately about five hours And which time you get a lot of hands on experience The student shop is about 5,600 square feet We have a wide array of both traditional machine tools as far as unconventional machining processes I would say that modestly, we are one of the premier student shops in the world You won’t find any that’s probably better equipped than what we’ve currently got Unfortunately, right now, we’re not getting in here, but I’m hoping that in the near future, this pandemic gets resolved and we can welcome people back into the shop The other side of the technical staff is we do support all the instructional laboratories for Mechanical Engineering, so there’s a lot of upper class, what we call hands-on laboratories, either a mechatronics or various different engineering based laboratories, where you get to actually get involved with either testing equipment or testing materials, or building a project of your own design So, I think with that, I’m gonna pass this on to Jacob and thank you very much

and looking forward to seeing everybody here soon – So, there’s a couple of questions that came up in the chat William asks, do we have to have training on every machine to use any of them? So basically, the way that our shop training works, and this is also highlighted in the video, so I’d recommend you go and check this out just for your own sort of future reference But the way that our shop training works is it’s a comprehensive shop training course It’s not sort of like cherry pick which machines you wanna end up using So our shop training course, as Scott had mentioned is five hours And it’s sort of a comprehensive, every single machine in the shop, we’ll show you the basics on how to use a belt sander, drill press bandsaw, engine lay and then a milling machine And there are, of course, some accessory machines that go along with it, but basically in order to use a facility, in order to come into the facility, you need to have that shop training done, and you’ll make a widget like this little sort of like part, I wish I had one in front of me right now, but you could check out that video, and like I said, it kind of explains a full process on that So to answer your question, it’s not sort of piecemeal, we don’t just train you on one machine in particular, it’ll be all the machines and then you have full access to the facilities – And if I can kind of add in on that, kind of elaborate on Jacob The staff are here full time So, and probably one of the, well, I will say the absolute best aspect of the shop besides having all the cool tools and machine tools is the tactical staff, they’re very much metro minded, a lot of years of experience, we have very diverse backgrounds and we work off each other’s kind of strengths So, you get this five hours of safety orientation, and as like getting this AUC or project, when you come back in to do a project, it doesn’t ever look like the widgets, so there’s always a lot of questions And this is one of the things that I’m very proud of, our technical staff is there, very welcoming and have the time to kind of walk you through the project and answer your questions So we’ve had many, many students say that this has been one of the highlights of their experiences, the time they spend in our student shop – Anything else you’d like to add, Scott? – If there’s something then I would just read through the – Jackson was asking how often did classes have projects that we can use the shop for? I would probably say unless, somebody is going to correct me on this one, that classes, class projects are gonna be primarily for your upper division coursework, so, junior and senior year is when you’re gonna start getting into some of those courses, just to name a few off the top of my head, that’d be a ME102B, a Mechatronics course ME135, is another course ME103, ME107, Scott, you could try and name more than twice as much as I can – Yeah, but kind of, I think everybody gets the idea that it’s primarily junior and senior The one thing that is coming down the pipe and as Professor Taylor mentioned is transition from E27 to E29, we’re in the process and this is gonna probably be second semester sophomore in the curriculum And we are working towards making that kind of our threshold class to where you can actually get in and get the training and have access to the shop The next question it says, is the shop reserved for classes only? The answer is no Primarily, our class projects are our first priority However, we do support some research and we also support a lot of the student club activity So like Formula SAE, Super Mileage Vehicle, Solar Car, the Rocket Team, Hyperloop I mean, it goes on and on Those typically are a good gateways for our freshmen is to join one of those teams and get vested with them And then they submit lists of students every semester for us to be candidates, to get trained and have shop access And I gotta say that I personally think that that’s a stellar threshold or a way to get into the shop early You’ll get a lot of experience, a lot of mentoring from upperclassmen while you’re working on these very student projects And I see a big difference in kind of the development of our students who go through one of these student courses

That’s given you get the time and kind of the perseverance to stay with it – I will add to that because Aiden was asking about how can freshmen get access to the machinery? So we’ve mentioned basically two organizations that you can belong to that’ll get you shop access, and that would be class projects, and that would also be these extracurricular team based organizations The third avenue that you can get in through is by joining a research lab that you would need to fabricate components for And so if you belong to any one or the three, if you are a freshman and you were really kind of wanting to get in there and get access to the shop and manufacture components for a laboratory, that’s another way that you can get in is by joining a research group – I also do want to mention that on the curriculum flow chart, it shows E29 as a full course for your third semester, which is your sophomore year, as Scott was mentioning, however, folks that have E26 under their belt will also be prepared to take E29 in the spring semester as well too So, we definitely anticipate that there will be a lot of first year students that will be in E29 this upcoming spring – So William asked about how much does it cost to use the machines? The question is more, are you asking about who pays for it? The taxpayer or you as a student? Well, the students it’s actually free So, the access to our facilities, Scott has really tried to drive that students don’t pay for access here What we require students pay for is their materials themselves So if they’re gonna be doing a student project, they need to be able to provide their own materials But when it comes to actually using equipment and the machinery that you see here, the tooling and everything else, that’s all provided to you So, I guess the answer is free of charge for the most part, with the exception of of course your materials – I have a question This is a question that comes up often, but what about personal projects? Are you allowed to engage in a startup and run it through the shop? – Oh, good job Ricky, all right There’s always that question Unfortunately, being that we are supported by Mechanical Engineering and they do pay the bill, our mission is pretty clear that it’s it’s has to be academia So unfortunately, we really dissuade people from personal projects and doing startups There are other resources on and off campus that we can point you to for that type of situation – What about making a key chain for your mom that’s listening at home right now? – Yeah, it’s ideally we, sometimes you’ve got to catch us at the right time, if it’s, and how, how good of an art, how well can you convince us? But typically we really try to avoid it because if we focus on that one kind of freebie that’s not academically related, that means that there might be two or three other people on the shop that need our help that we’re not focusing on So it’s really kind of a courtesy to everybody else in the shop that we avoid that – And I will kind of add to that So while at very is the home of Mechanical Engineering, a couple of other departments, one of our neighbors Jacob’s Hall actually has a hall, a place, a maker space where you can go and make things, especially personal projects This area is set up a little bit differently, you have to buy materials and you’ll have to buy basically a maker pass So I did forget who asked this question, William asked about how much does it cost you use machine? So I think that you pay a flat fee, and for that flat fee, you get access to all of the equipment for the semester And their training is set up a little bit differently, it is much more piecemeal, like I think William was asking about earlier, so you get trained on individual machines and then you can use those machines So, I’ll link to that below if you’re interested And again, this place, Jacob’s Hall allows personal project, class projects, and pretty much everything under the sun So, I’ll include that link in the description, and yeah, you guys can refer to that Aiden was asking about, is there an avenue to purchase materials through the shop? So, we don’t actually really have a whole lot of space

to be holding on to all the different sort of materials that you’d want to have, we have a selection of it, but we really don’t sell the students We can give you a smaller piece of material, if it’s for a small little project, but if it’s beyond a certain threshold, we’re gonna have to basically have you go and get it So, we have a list of preferred online and local vendors as well that we can provide to you But, if it’s for a big project, you’re probably gonna have to make a run out locally or just order it online Again, one last thing you can order materials through Jacob’s Hall They have a materials store where you can purchase things like commonly used materials like acrylic, plywood, aluminum, steel plate, and things like that, and have it shipped to Jacob’s Hall and pay for it through them And I believe that the billing is very similar to, I think it’s just a credit card, but I could be mistaken So check that out if you’re interested And Aiden, if you’re interested, I can get that link for you to Jacob’s Hall material store as well – The kind of, if I can just add upon that just slightly, another reason that we typically don’t sell materials like Jacob touched upon is that there’s a wide array, but also, we recognize that that you are gonna be engineers, and so developing builds a material, specking materials, instead of us just going here out here, here’s a piece of material, that’s good enough You’re relying on us, where really as engineers, that’s some of the critical decisions you should make and it’s good practice to kind of go out and do that So just kind of one of my own personal things – Scott and Jacob, I wanted to ask about we threw out a lot of different courses earlier and for new students, that might sound a little bit like a foreign language in terms not just naming off a few courses, can you just, one of the big ones though is 102B, which really is like a culmination of the student experience where they’re combining multiple skill sets into one in order to present at an inventor space, the invention lab, which we call HESSE Hall, can you describe what that experience is like? And some of the most unique and fun projects that you’ve come across throughout your time – Jacob, you want to take us through it? – I was going to have you kind of – Okay All right So, ME102 is actually been around in our department for many, many, many, many years It’s really a capstone project class, but unlike a lot of universities that will give you a prescribed, you need to make this part, and then, they really kind of lock you into a particular theme Here at Berkeley, we take much more of a approach of to stimulate your curiosity and your creativity We don’t put that type of a threshold on you We basically, it’s a Mechatronics class, so it has to have an embedded microprocessor And from there, it’s pretty much, ideally you want to keep it to a meter cubed in size And other than those two parameters, you’re pretty much off to have whatever you want We’ve had the startup for like the Mars Rover, they started their first couple of iterations, so their project through 102B a few years ago, I’ll make this a real quick story, but when the new Star Wars movies came out and one of the characters was a character BB-8, one of those groups came to us and said, oh, we wanna build a BB-8 And it was quite challenging, but they actually pulled it off It was just absolutely impressed us that the elegance to the point where they wanted to, when they got their degree and walked on stage, they were trying to figure out how they could get BB-8 to go on stage for them to help them accept their degree Unfortunately, the administration wasn’t real fond of that idea, but I was all for it, I thought it was gonna be too cool But just the beauty of 102B is again, it’s pretty wide open So, if you have a particular passion, it’s music, it’s electronics, it’s science fiction, it’s whatever, it really, you can play to it

– One of my favorite projects was the liquid cooled helmet that I saw, and also last year, what were really amazing was the record player that was built from driftwood that was found on the side of the road A real ecological project brought to life, which was really nice to see All right Well, looks like we’re gonna be transitioning into our student panel, which a lot of the folks who have been waiting for Really grateful for Scott, expertise for coming in and sharing, for Jacob, who really just put in together the video I know we had a bit of issues with it, but we do have an uninterrupted version on our website that’s now up, and you’ll be able to watch Ultimately extremely grateful for you too, for all the work that you do for all the guidance that you provide for our students On a consistent basis, when I’m in session with students, they’ll just be raving about how great these two individuals are So, I’m so thankful that I get to work alongside them, and thank you for sharing your time with us today – Thank you And Ricky, can I do the traditional thing? – Yes – Go Bears? – Yes, of course – Everybody’s gonna get tired of that by the time we get through with this – I think it keeps all our spirits up One thing that I love about being a Berkeley alum is that wherever I am in the world, if someone’s wearing a cow shirt or a cow hat, if you go Bear them, they usually go Bear you back And if they don’t, then you know they’re just, it’s like their cousins T-shirt or something – Yeah, I was actually in France a couple of years ago and I got a couple of those, it was pretty awesome I was just waiting to hear it in French – All right, well, we’re gonna be transitioning to our student panel Our student panel right now is currently sitting in the audience and we’ll take a bit of a break I’d like to ask our audience to just close your eyes for 10 seconds as I wanna help out a little bit with just a little bit of screen fatigue So, let’s just do this 10 second exercise of just closing our eyes real quickly and take a deep breath everyone All right So right now, I’ll say goodbye to Scott and Jacob and thank you so much for joining us – Thank you Ricky Thank you Jacob – All right, so we’re approaching the one o’clock mark, which is when our student panel is scheduled to join us Right now they haven’t requested to join the screen so they’re not quite here yet Please use this time of course to take a bio break if you need one and just relax for a little bit since being in session for three hours can be a little tiring so Oh, we got Franny in the house Franny just joined us, we’ll start in five minutes – [Franny] You can’t see me though, can you? – Not at the moment? – [Franny] Okay, let me get on that All right, we also have Michael Nashon And while we’re waiting, I’m going to put up or our flow chart just in case anybody has any questions that I can answer before we get started at 1:00 p.m – Ricky, can you hear me?

– Yes, I can hear you – Can you hear me Ricky? – Yes, I can Thank you for joining us – Can you see me now, right? – Yes, I can see you – Sweet – And for those of you who might’ve left and they’re just joining us, we’ll be starting at 1:00 p.m We have a group of some exceptionally great panelists that are here to give you some insight from ground level, experiential wisdom of what it was like to be an ME student at the number one public university in the universe Michael, how are you doing? How’s your video going? – I’m doing good, can you hear me? – Yeah, sounds good – Yeah – All right, so in about a minute, I’m gonna be introducing everybody, everybody just hang tight All right, let’s get this show on the road All right, so first I’d like to introduce Franny Franny Barthes has graduated Berkeley with a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering in the spring of 2020 She’s now becoming a fifth year master’s student and is focusing control Her experience is mostly in the aerospace sector where she hopes to in the future, apply her engineering education to environmental engineering, to help fight climate change Franny loves ocean, swimming, cooking with all her friends She loves to run, pretty much anything that happens outside She’s super excited to jump in and start working on her masters, but above all, she’s excited to be a mom one day Her best piece of advice to incoming students is to not make engineering your whole entire life while you’re here at Cal, get out there, have some fun and love all your friends Next, we have Michael Nash Michael Nash is a senior expected to graduate in the spring He’s from Auburn who transferred from Sierra college In his free time, he rides mountain bikes and he doesn’t just ride, he’s actually a professional mountain biker from what I remember reading He’s currently a student assistant at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab He helps design radiation shielding for the advanced light source, and he plans to get his master’s degree after graduation, and then go into industry Lastly, we have Alex Sabatha, Alex graduated last May with a degree in Mechanical Engineering He’s originally from Southern California and he transferred from Mount San Antonio college in 2017 During his time at Berkeley, Alex was a member of the Space Technologies at Cal The Hounds Research group at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and the Combustion Fire Processing lab with Dr. Fernandez Bale He interned at Space X at JPL during his time at school, and he’s currently working full time at JPL For those that don’t know what JPL is, that’s the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and there, he’s working on their Environments and Mechanical Reliability group He’s planning to pursue a master’s degree in Astronautical Engineering at USC next next year

So we’ve got a lot of talent in the house and it is my absolute joy and honor, this is the best part of my job, is interacting with students And we’ll start with the lead question, and then hopefully folks will start asking questions in the audience Now that everybody’s shaking off their nerves a little bit, please come on camera, please request the speak We’re more than happy to see you and hear you ask your question live So, please just ask your question live if you can, and be willing, we’ll also be taking questions from the chat So we’ll start with a team question Berkeley has a bit of a competitive edge Sometimes there’s this folklore that exists about Berkeley before you even arrived on campus Is that Berkeley, “cutthroat institution.” And for me, it’s always important for me to talk to our students about this because these are just mythologies that keep recreating themselves from year to the next, and I think it’s important for us to talk about how we collaborate and work with one another So for our panelists, what are ways that you’ve worked in teams to accomplish common goals in the classroom? And how has that been beneficial to your overall success? – I think this is kind of a short answer, but one of the most helpful things for me when I was studying or yeah, just learning the new material with people was understanding that the best way I learned it was to teach my friends and to even teach people that weren’t my friends, like anyone that asked for help, don’t be afraid to give help because a, you’re helping your students learn, that’s what we’re all here to do And second of all, yourself is by explaining it to someone else Like it’s actually an opportunity for you to a, be a team with this person And one day they’re most definitely gonna help you because, we all need help, but it’s actually one of the best ways I’ve found to engage with the material you learn in the courses and kind of like be a teammate to your friend – Is there anything any of the other panelists would like to add? All right, we’ll take a question from Martin who’s in the audience So Martin, let’s bring you on screen I just added you, I’m not sure where you went – [Martin] I’m here – All right I don’t know why you can’t come on screen, there you are, all right, yes Martin – Hello So I’m very excited by my journey and thank you everyone for being here So, from my beginning, so me, I’m interested in, going to graduate school for PhD So, from what I heard from everyone that I should be focusing more on research labs, getting these type of opportunities and try to get some like papers and publications However, I feel honestly, kind of lost how to begin I feel there are too many ways and too many directions to go, and I’m not really sure what is the optimal direction to take, especially as a transfer student, I don’t have that much time to explore, so I can’t mess up my chances Do you have kind of any guidance, how should I begin, or what is the direction I should take at the beginning at least? – I don’t think we can hear you, Alex – Yeah – I was able to hear him, were other people not able to hear him, his question? – We’re able to hear Martin, yeah, but not Alex – Oh, okay Okay, okay – I have an answer When I started here last year, I was a transfer student as well What I chose to do was take an internship instead of doing research, ’cause I’m a little bit more focused on going into industry, but I would say, wait until you actually have classes

and get to know your professors because your professors will be the ones who can get you into one of these undergraduate research groups and keep in mind that some of them might not include pay, you might have to give up a lot of time during the semester and possibly your summer But if you wanna go into the PhD route, I definitely suggest you do that and get signed up with somebody in the fall – I also wanna comment that there are different programs that exist that help students acquire research positions by equipping them with the tools So, for example, there’s the McNair Scholars Program that gives students the training that they need in order to develop a research proposal in order to be able to get their hands dirty and their feet wet on the ins and outs and the nuances of conducting research I think that once you get that training, it allows you to be a little bit more marketable as well while you’re communicating with faculty So I definitely recommend different programs like the McNair Scholars Program I also recommend recommend going on research.berkeley.edu, which will provide you with a lot of different resources on how to develop proposals, how to work with like human subjects, just the different ins and outs There’s also good tips that research.berkeley.edu around how to communicate with faculty and how to be persistent and put your best foot forward in terms of building the communication that you need in order to gain the valuable communication skills that you need in order for you to land a different research opportunity I would start by going and observing our major field areas on our website at me.berkeley.edu, click on people, click on faculty, click on their major field areas and just start exploring the different possibilities Now, there’s different faculty that are doing things like, for example, they’re doing things in fluids like through the Flow Lab, but they still need somebody who can do programming and you might have that skill set and you might think like, well, I’m not really interested in fluids, but I have this skill set in programming, you might not necessarily know by reading that, so, it’s really important for you to ask There’s also graduate students who teach courses that you could also have set up informational meetings with And I think that that’s also an important social capital that you can build by communicating and accessing them as well So like you said, there’s multiple ways, but just chip out one, one by one, just do something that first, spend some time reflecting and figuring out like what type of research you actually wanna do, and then start narrowing in on like the different people who are experts in that area and try to get as much guidance as you can from them Sometimes just like learning from different people’s labs, you start to ask the relevant and curious driven questions that allow you to open up more opportunities for yourself We have another question in the chat, Martin, I’m gonna to take you off, but if you have another question, feel free to come back on, okay? – Thank you so much – No problem There’s a question as to why did you choose to attend Berkeley since you see ME doesn’t have aero and what led you to go into aero? I think this question is for Franny – Oh yes, so I have experience in aerospace I specifically mean that, I’ve been able to do two internships during my time at Cal, they were both just summer long and they were both in aerospace The one was with a small startup called Astra Space in Alameda And then the second one was with Virgin Orbit And in the meantime, I actually got involved with a fellowship called the Brooke Owens Fellowship, which if you’re a non-male identifying person interested in aerospace, should definitely check that out, it’s a really awesome fellowship So aerospace just kind of happened to be the internships that I got accepted to, and then I got that fellowship, so it kind of kept going in that direction and I was like exploring aerospace, but it kind of just like happened that way I think especially at the beginning, I was just eager to get an internship, like a lot of people are And then I think having those two experiences in aerospace, even though they’re both really wonderful has made me wanna try something else So, I didn’t even come to Berkeley knowing I wanted to do anything with aerospace

So it wasn’t, like it didn’t put me off that it didn’t have aerospace ’cause I didn’t even know that I would wanna do something with that coming in I hope that answers the question, but the fellowship is called the Brook Owens Fellowship If you have any interest in space, I really encourage you to check it out – Yeah I think programs like that are really valuable in terms of creating access points for different people, especially non-identifying males who are very much needed in this field I must say that Mechanical Engineering is by all means like the territory of like the aerospace industry, a good amount of our students like have gone on to work for NASA or even become, astronauts and lag in terms of space hours You do get the training that is definitely valuable and it will prepare you to succeed in aerospace To add to that, we’re also having aerospace minor as we mentioned earlier So we’re gonna take a question from somebody who wants to come on screen and then we’ll transition over to the other chat questions I think it takes a little bit of time, but they’re on their way I have to like fly through – Yeah, its a pretty dramatic entrance – How’s it going? – Good, good, good afternoon – Good afternoon, my name is Jonathan I’m a freshman, so this is my first year and I was just wondering about like internships and stuff, when do you start, like what year should or should I be like already searching? ‘Cause I don’t feel like I have the skill sets really to work for any internships or anything yet So, I was wondering when you should do that – So, I started pretty early from junior college I think, typically at junior colleges we have more of an emphasis on getting an internship ’cause sometimes, you don’t know which school you’re gonna go to, it might be harder to get a job The way I did it was I applied for a government internship called SULI, it’s through the Department of Energy where you can basically go and work for a summer It’s a paid internship and you can pick basically any field and work at any of the Department of Energy National Labs I chose the Berkeley Lab because I was going to UC Berkeley and everything And that’s what led to my current internship that I do through the school year and throughout the summer now But yeah, I mean, in my opinion, you should start now, start looking for next summer The only limiting thing is if you have to take summer classes to catch up or something like that, always put school first, but it’s never too early to start – I got it, cool, thank you – I would just add to that, I did not do an internship, my the summer after my freshman year, I was like a lifeguard and I took swimming classes So I totally think that like, especially in your, it is great to have internships, but I think especially what I think is like in first summer, if you find something that really excites you and is awesome, totally go for it, but don’t kill yourself and feeling like you need to have an internship every single summer Especially, like maybe it’s something that if you go into it knowing that it’s not gonna bring you anything, you’re not going to enjoy it I personally think that might not be like the most worthwhile thing to do, especially because like you were saying, like right now you don’t have as many skill sets or you haven’t learned as much that you can kind of advertise to people hiring, and so really the more juicy internships that you could get will probably come like next year or the year after that So, if there was ever a summer where you wouldn’t take an internship, where you might just want to like earn more money or just like be with your family, then I would say that that should be your first summer So, I think like if you find something that’s really cool, you should do that But I think there’s a lot of pressure on new freshmen coming in to get an internship right away And it doesn’t always work out that way So, I wouldn’t worry too much, as long as you like hopefully get one or two in there along your four years at some point, that’s what I would say – Okay, cool, yeah, thank you

And I also have one more question which was, do like joining clubs and stuff help you get these internships and things? Like if they see that you’re like part of different clubs and different, like things like that, then will they like take that into consideration and stuff? – Absolutely, I mean 100%, I think there’s probably no better way to get an internship at a really good company For example, my buddy who joined the Formula SAE team, before he even got to the next connections at Space X and went and did an internship there this summer, which was actually interesting because they were one of the only companies actually doing in-person internships So yeah, if you wanna join a team, definitely go for it, that’s a really good way to get your foot in the door in some of these industries – Yeah, I think that one thing that’s really awesome about our department and our student organizations is that there’s so much more to them than just being clubs, they really are build teams In many ways, they’re compatible with industry standards in terms of the type of machines that they’re building And I think that like Mike said earlier, like having that proximity to industry by being part of a student organization is really important You get that because our students are so talented that industries are consistently looking at our department, at our student organizations and seeing what they’re doing ‘Cause that many times they’re really pushing the edge of innovation and industries wanna be part of that and they want to be a part of it while you’re actually in school So, one thing that I love about our department is that you are gaining really strong and practical skills set from day one – All right, cool, thank you guys, that helped a lot And that was all my questions – Thank you Jonathan, I appreciate you coming on McDolly had a question, I think for Franny, – They were just asking if I have I just put my Berkeley email in there, I hope that’s okay – Yeah – I think there was a question up at the top about the best way to get internships, but maybe we kind of addressed that just like – All right We have another brave soul that wants to come on, which is Sebastian and they’ll be on soon Oh, you’re on a lot quicker – Hi, my name is Sebastian I’m a freshmen or incoming freshman, freshman, I guess now And I had two questions One was, is it helpful to build almost like a portfolio that would demonstrate either your like CAD design skills or like programming skills as far as like applying for internships? Or is it more that like, they just wanna see maybe like the actual class that you’ve taken on your resume or that you’re proficient in some program or some language on your resume That was my first question And also my second one’s a little bit kind of for Michael, but I’m also a mountain biker, my bikes there for the moment because the bike storage only opened today And I was wondering if there were any like student run clubs at Berkeley that like pertain to bike design or something like that, ’cause that’s something I’m also interested in maybe for after college – Yeah, so you had two questions The first question was about a portfolio and again, coming again, coming from a junior college, we’re super heavy on getting a job at the end of this And in my opinion, when you graduate, everyone has a bachelor’s degree So you have to have something that’s gonna set yourself apart from other candidates It’s a good bachelor’s degree, this is one of the best schools and people take that into consideration when thinking about what kind of skills you already have and stuff like that But, for example, I definitely have a portfolio I have reports that I’ve written I have things that I’ve designed, CAD work that I’ve done and I don’t necessarily give it on every application, but it’s good once you find a point of contact

just to kind of dunk a lot of your qualifications onto them, send them an email with just your whole portfolio and that way they kinda get to know what you’re about, what they can expect from you, if they do choose to hire you I hope that answers that question The second question, I recognize that bike, it’s a One Ghost, my brother actually has that same bike And yeah, Cal has a cycling team and you can actually join and compete in Collegiate Mountain Bike Racing They have cross country, they have indoor, I believe he can raise downhill, I’m not sure But yeah, I was going to join the team this fall, unfortunately, COVID happened So, I probably won’t be able to join the team, but yeah, check out Cal cycling, and they also do group rides and stuff, so, if you’re bored and you just wanna get out and exercise, you can go ride with them – Thanks guys – All right, thank Sebastian All right, we got Alex back – Yeah, sorry about that, had some technical difficulties, but I’m back on – It’s all good, maybe you can take the next question It was for Franny, but she’s been answering a lot of them It had do with how do you secure an aerospace internships specifically? I kind of alluded earlier that mechanical engineering does equip you with a really strong foundational skillset to be marketable in the aerospace engineering, maybe you could take that question – Yeah, so yeah, so that was a major concern of mine because I knew when I transferred, I wanted to focus on aerospace in particular, but as this person probably already knows, there’s no Aerospace Major here Although, when I was graduating, I did hear that there was now an Aerospace Focus, I’m not really too aware of that, but at least in my time, I didn’t know about it So I would say definitely get involved in extracurriculars that are aerospace focused There’s a lot of clubs on campus that have different focuses and interests I was part of Cal Star, when I first came it was a rocketry club And then I was part of Stack, space analogies at Cal, where I was working on a cube sets If you wanna get more into like airplanes and aeronautics, you can do Aero SAE, so there’s a bunch of different paths that you can go depending on the focus you want So, you’ll have to just reach out, in my opinion further than the classroom And that’s definitely a good way to get that specific kind of experience, to kind of get your foot in the door for an internship in that field So, when you have a recruiter talking to you about what it is that you do that, or how your experience could be related to this internship you’re applying for, whether it’s like Boeing or Northrup or Lockheed, Space X, somewhere like that, you definitely wanna show them something beyond just like your ME workload You wanna show them like, hey, I have these interests and I do Aero SAE and I helped design the fuselage and these wings and the landing gear, whatever it is, so definitely having that extra little bit would help you a lot – All right, I’m gonna lighten it up a little bit and ask a question myself, and then we’ll go back to the other questions that students have, but, let’s talk about housing a little bit What’s it like on campus? What was your experience like with housing? How does housing and the social and psychological choices you make around housing impact your academics? – I could start that one and then we could all talk about it So, for me, mine was a bit of a risk, when I transferred, for transfer students is different, we don’t really have priority in getting housing from the school You have to pretty much go by your own means whether it’s Facebook marketplace, there’s a housing group on Facebook I highly recommend utilizing that, or Craigslist, whatever it is to find an apartment But I actually ended up moving in with some random people that I had met on Facebook and it was a super, super big gamble, but they ended up being some of my best friends that I still hang out with now and talk to now And so you definitely want to surround yourself with people that will provide you a good amount of support I don’t know if I would recommend living with a bunch of people who are only engineers I did do that my last two years, which is completely fine, we’re all best friends, but it’s kind of hard to escape

the work that you do in school when you come home and it’s just everything’s engineering focused But definitely, moving in with people that can provide you emotional support, give you space when you need space, and don’t be afraid to explore outside of just what the school provides, dorms, and I think they have like some transfer dorms or like some dorms, like for like, upperclassmen Definitely go through Facebook, talk to friends, you see what’s out there And I know there’s a housing shortage, although right now with COVID, I don’t know how much of a problem that is I think a lot of people are gonna be staying home, but yeah, definitely, try to surround yourself with good people and branch out in different avenues, Facebook, Craigslist, student housing, whatever – I would definitely echo what Alex said about don’t feel like you have to live with a bunch of engineers I never lived with engineers, actually, I am now as a master’s student, but it was really nice to actually get to like, kind of leave school at school a little bit I mean, you still have to like study at home and stuff, but hey, you’re like learning about what your peers are doing and your roommates are doing, and if they’re taking like some cool class then maybe you can take on the side or something Yeah, there’s going to be a lot of like engineering talk in your day, just like all your classes and the engineering kids you’re learning with I personally really enjoyed not having that follow me home so much Yeah, just hopefully find people that can like make your home feel like a home and that you can feel like you relax when you come home I think it’s hugely important to have a home that feels comfortable And a big piece of advice I would give is if it doesn’t feel that way, if you find yourself in a situation where you don’t get to relax and you come home, you feel like you actually have to escape your house, try to look for new housing Like, don’t feel like you have to be stuck in that home for four years Try to figure out a way to somehow get out of that situation ’cause I think that’s huge And if you have that burden for that long that your home doesn’t feel comfortable, and it’s going to really take a toll on your social life, on your school, on everything – Right – Just like to add one thing, the logistics go, if you’re looking for a place off campus, be very cognizant that a mile in Berkeley is a lot farther than probably a mile where you’re from I live about a mile from campus and I still actually drive a few blocks And depending on where you are, you might have to walk up or down a big hill So if you’re looking on campus, definitely try to get as close as possible – I definitely agree with that I think I lived in a lot of different type of places when I was on campus I lived in co-ops, I lived in dorms, I lived in apartments I definitely recommend living in Rochdale village, if folks have ever heard of that That’s one of the co-ops, it’s one of the apartments where you get your own room It’s nice because you still have a community of like that you get to engage with in the living room, you do a few hours to kind of engage with the setting, maybe some gardening, to do some hours to reduce your rent, maybe some recycling, but at the same time, you also get your own room And, but also, I just want to say that like being part of your living space is absolutely important in terms of like, just setting healthy boundaries So, I think one thing that I appreciated about the people that I lived with was that, if I wanted to go study there, wasn’t like this, like kind of like this temptation to like bring you in and kind of get you to like socialize with them because you do find that type of pressure when you’re in college, right? So folks, the more you set up healthy boundaries, the better it can be for folks So we’ll move on to one of the questions that somebody asked in the chat We obviously have two students that are gonna be starting their masters program Michael’s thinking about it Somebody mentioned that they’re not really necessarily interested in pursuing a master’s degree right after school, but we’re wondering whether pursuing research or an internship really matters in terms of getting that job once you graduate And I’ll start off just by mentioning that,

if you have a research opportunity and you wanna engage with it, it still will be valuable to an employer I think that the skills that you gain as a researcher are skills that are transferrable and compatible, and sometimes there’ll be directly with what they’re looking for But I think that both experiences are comparable to preparing you for the next step – Yeah, I agree with you, Ricky Definitely, both are really good Anything beyond just regular classes is gonna help you And I think to add on not just research and internship experience, but also like club experience, anything that shows that you have some initiative and pursuing some kind of field or some kind of area of focus that you’re interested in is definitely gonna look good to an employer So, I had, for my own personal experience, I had a combination, I did some research and I did some internships, but the research I did, wasn’t really focused or related to what I’m doing now, the research I did was I did it for a number of reasons, one to diversify my portfolio and my resume, because I think at the early point in time, when I first transferred to Berkeley, I wasn’t exactly sure what it is I was gonna be doing So, I was working in a bunch of different labs and doing a bunch of different things, but I started really honing in on what I wanted to do when I joined Cal Star and Stark And those were my first two interviews Those were the main talking points What did you do in this club? What have you learned? Here’s the technical question related to rocketry So, I would say if you know where you wanna be, and you know what kind of work you wanna be doing after you graduate, find something on campus that is slightly related to it and start pursuing it that way and that way, when career fairs come up and you talk to employers and recruiters, you show them, you say, hey, I’m super interested in this And I started working on this subset in this club and I think I could bring this to the table and definitely show that you have some initiative that that’d be a good way to give yourself a better chance in employment after graduation – Yeah, I would add on to what Alex is saying in that a lot of times, it’s not even so much the actual work that you did in the research or, sorry, (mumbles) Not so much that the actual work a lot of times, ’cause a lot of times people who are hiring, they know they’re going to have to train you, they know you’re just a college grad, you probably don’t know that much, you probably don’t have that much experience And you could only do so many things, there’s no way that you did exactly what they’re gonna need in the job or the internship, but highlight like how you are a leader, highlight how you managed a lot of different things Like Alex said, how you showed initiative, how you had your own ideas, how you were invested Things like that a lot of times are really meaningful to people who are hiring, how you were creative and solving a problem that they know that your research isn’t gonna be exactly what you’re gonna be doing there They just wanna know how you think, they wanna know that you’re trainable, that you can work in a team, is hugely important that you can manage responsibility So I think highlighting a lot of those things is equally, if not, maybe more important, I would say than the actual like engineering things that you’ve mastered, but probably like about the same – I also want to, maybe use this opportunity to share someone’s portfolio This is a student who said she was fine with me sharing her portfolio specifically for these types of purposes So, I just wanna share it really quickly and do a quick screen share There’s also another student who has a website, so I’ll show you two different portfolios just so that you all have a sense of what they look like Does that look small for everyone? Does that look too small? – If you double click it, you can maximize it I think I’ll have to zoom in too ‘Cause I’ve already maximized it, but let me do a zoom in There you go, better? So this was a bit her intro

She describes just like a quick version of what she’s about herself She’s interested in improving the quality of life, very mission driven and then gives like some projects that she’s worked on and some major highlights – Hey Ricky, could I answer a quick question in the chat that Alan had posted? It’s related to this – Yeah, go ahead – A portfolio definitely is, it could be a culmination of your own personal projects, too Anything that you’ve worked on that you’re proud of, definitely include in your portfolio, not just something that’s like name brand from a company club or research, Definitely anything you’ve done on your own, you can include – Even sketches are included, look at that – I just wanna mention, when you do send someone your portfolio, like we talked about a sense of who you are as a person, what they’re gonna get if they hire you And oftentimes, people are most interested in the things that make you different from other people, like for me, I have a background in mountain bike racing and stuff, and that often comes up And even though it doesn’t have anything directly to do with mechanical engineering, it’s often the thing that people are most interested in So you definitely wanna include that and outside stuff and what makes you an individual? – I definitely agree with that All right, I’ll stop with this one And then give you another perspective which is Andy Myers Is this big enough? He actually has a website which would link in a signature and it would take you straight here That’s also a good thing too, if you’re talking to faculty and they just get curious and click on your link really quickly, where they’re able to see the different projects that you’ve worked on Pizza slices, I need one of those – So something I encourage you to do, I wish I had the prowess to be able to do this, but I’ve been seeing a lot more frequently YouTube channels for people in Mechanical Engineering And they basically just use it as a project log, and that way, you get a big, extremely detailed report of your project and kind of your methodology when creating stuff, so yeah – Yeah, I would add to what Michael said It’s not my YouTube channel, but my one to be product is some of it is documented on YouTube, like the dental of it And so it’s always, I’ve used it so much just to send to random people and show them what it is that we worked on – They asked if you all have LinkedIn’s It’s a question from Allan – Yes – Yes – I think I linked it to my profile, but I guess we could just link it in here as well – Actually, do not, but if someone wants to contact me, they can just email me directly I feel that person to person contact is more beneficial for me – Yeah, I would try to get yourself on any kind of platform to communicate with people in industry or even just colleagues LinkedIn is pretty good It’s kind of hit or miss, like I do have a lot of coworkers who don’t use LinkedIn My boss doesn’t use LinkedIn, but there’s a huge network out there any way you can tap into that network, I say, do it

– Yeah I would say also too, if you have it, definitely maintain it, it’s something that is accessible to people So if you don’t maintain it, it also shows that you’re not paying careful attention to detail So, once you put it out there, just make sure you’re updating it I know that for me personally, that I definitely intersected that Transitioning into ME like, I was starting to have a lot more industry contacts, I was starting to develop an Industry Alliance Program and I just wanted to make sure that my LinkedIn was up to date So, I had to go in there and just not completely rebrand myself or anything like that, but really give myself a refresh and a nice Polish So from time to time, you probably will have to do that and just stay up to date with that All right, any other brave souls out there who wanna ask? We probably have time for three or four more questions Anybody wanna come on screen? Well, that’s a good question right here that just came through the chat Preferred campus spot to study or do homework – This is super subjective Yeah, so there’s a lot of places to study on campus Some really popular ones are like Dell Library or Moffitt I personally never really enjoyed those all that much One, they can get either super loud or two they’re super quiet and you actually can’t collaborate with others The way that I found success at Berkeley was definitely in my study groups and people that I was working with I mean, not to like burn my spot or anything, but we used to study a lot in HESSI Hall, it’s really does not look like much on the outside, but on the inside super nice high rise roof, lots of tables and comfy chairs and couches to sit on, can little cramps if it does get packed up but, I find for the most part, it’s a good balance between collaboration, but also like it’s not insane noise levels That’s a pretty good place Anywhere on campus that you feel comfortable, explore around and develop study groups and go around and explore the campus See what fits for you We moved around all the time for the three years that I was there Franny, what’s your favorite study spot? – By the end, it kind of changed like every four years, I think my freshman year I was in Dell library a lot because my classes were more just like cram the material into your brain By the end, it was more like, I need my friends help, so we need to be somewhere where you can like talk about it So I would go actually a lot to HESSI, also HESSI is always empty when everything else is full I feel like I shouldn’t put that out there, but it’s true HESSI is good, I also studied in like Yola’s cafe, like sometimes you kind of want that like chatty atmosphere, you’re not like super locked in I would also try to study outside I wish Berkeley had more tables and picnic tables and stuff, but sometimes when it’s not windy, it’s really nice to study outside I personally don’t like Moffitt, ’cause there’s like a lot, a lot of people always there So, it does have study rooms which are always booked, but if you can book some, it can be really fun if you like invite all your friends and you have like kind of a little study party for an hour or two – Jacob’s Hall also has a study rooms that you could book as well They’re a little more limited, but I also like Jacob’s when there’s not a class in session, it’s just a super nice modern building And you could definitely get lost in there when you’re working, which is nice – I’d say one thing that is more of a gorilla method is just like random, empty classrooms on campus Most folks like don’t really like pop their head in there, what’s nice about it is if you keep it tidy and you’re kind to the custodial staff, like you can eat there and without being bothered And that’s something that I always appreciated about being in school is just like someplace where like, I don’t have to like worry about like somebody tapping me on the shoulder and being like, hey, you can’t eat here, but it does require like some relationship building with the custodial staff who like may want to kick you out, like at one in the morning, but people are kind, they know that you’re studying Sometimes they leave you alone, Sometimes they’ll go to another classroom and let you be for a little bit I must say I went to a presentation that was given by a neurologist and she really said something that really hit home I think that this is really appropriate

to just say out loud is that our mind makes neurological connections with different places that we associate with Obviously, like if we’re in a location that we associate with leisure, it’s really hard for us to engage with like the concentration that we need So, if being outside is a place that you associate with relaxing, taking time off from school, hiking or whatever, like really just consider that it might not be the best place for you to be studying Same thing with Dell too, like Dell is an incredibly beautiful library that has the greatest collection West of the Mississippi, along with main stacks It is such an awesome place to stare at, like it’s like a museum, but for me, it was never the best place to study because I was always just like kinda like pumping my chest and feeling so happy and proud that I was at Berkeley rather than actually like putting my head like on the sheet So that’s just something to think about Another thing too, is like, just with studying in general, just be conscious of taking breaks, drinking lots of water, take care of yourself, physically and mentally so that you can exercise your greatest muscle, which is your brain So do all those things, think about those things Don’t just lock yourself in a room and try to like memorize as much as possible until you’re tired because you think that that’s what everybody else is doing Like putting themselves through misery Like really set up learning as a way that you can actually like appreciate it Take the healthy breaks that you want so that you could really develop that flow where learning feels timeless, right? You really want to be put yourself in the zone and everyone that’s on this panel, I’m sure has experienced that where you can spend hours doing a project or working with classmates or doing homework, or it feels really timeless because you’re just absolutely in the zone and you’re really enjoying it And there’s times where you’re doing something where like, you’re like staring at the clock and you can’t believe like only three or four minutes have passed, it does require like the psychological preparation We had a question about how difficult do you think classes are, then CC classes at Berkeley? We have a good panelist to be able to answer that question, so, I’ll hand it over to them – So yeah, in my experience, they were more difficult definitely, difficult is, I feel like difficult sounds like other harder classes There’s a lot more work required You’ll do fine, if you got in, you’ll, you’ll do great here, but there’s more work required There’s higher expectations in my experience And I used to be very much like a lone wolf when I was in community college, I had two jobs and I would just kind of study alone and I was able to get by, and when I came to Berkeley, it was a huge shock because I wasn’t working anymore, and I was being a student full time and I needed help, like it was a lot of work So I definitely relied on the study group and developing a good network of people to work with But yeah, the time commitment is gonna be there You’re definitely gonna load up and not in a bad way, I didn’t hate my time or anything, but it was definitely, every week there was a whole bunch of work to do, it was like a full time job, and even then some So, there’s definitely a big time commitment but I wouldn’t say necessarily like harder It’s not like the material is insane and you won’t be able to comprehend, you will, you just put in the work you put in the time you study and you’ll be able to understand whatever it is it’s thrown at you Some concepts are harder for other people Heat Transfer was wasn’t too bad, but Controls is a notoriously a pretty difficult class, fluid dynamics, pretty tough class So it just depends, some people can breeze through them, some people need a little bit of work, some people struggle a little bit more and you just definitely have to take a class by class, work with people that you trust and that you’re comfortable with, and you’ll do fine, you’ll do good Yeah, that’s a long winded answer, but yeah, – I just wanted to say that classes here are graded differently than they were for me at community college For example, when I was at community college, if we had a class of 30 students and every single student got a hundred percent on all the tests, we would all get A pluses That’s just not how it works here at Berkeley Things are graded on statistics and usually half the class is in the bottom half of the class So I think it’s really important to stay in contact with your classmates, even if you are a lone wolf and you wanna just read

and study and do everything on your own, you absolutely have to keep in contact with people to know where the pace of the class is And that’s another reason why people say it’s competitive here, its because you are graded against your peers, how your grade ends up is stacked up with everyone else So you can end up with a D point wise and still get a B plus or an A in the class Yeah, and then a lot of the times information for the class will be posted on either a Slack channel or Piatsa, all these other sources that aren’t necessarily in lecture or on B courses And you absolutely have to be checking those for updates, for corrections and assignments and everything like that So, yeah, even if you are kind of study by yourself person, you still have to make sure you are aware of what everyone else in the class is doing – The one thing that’s not totally answering the question, but kind of on what we’re talking about So kind of based on what these guys were saying, I was thinking another thing that can be really helpful, especially if you’re coming, I can imagine if you’re coming from a community college and you don’t know anyone, this is also a great way to get to know people, but like office hours And I saw Alex a lot at office hours and stuff They’re so good You directly get to know from the professor what he’s kind of expecting, and you just get like a better idea, you might come with a question because you don’t understand something and he’s like, ah, don’t worry about that Or you just get kind of the best explanation you can also, it’s hugely beneficial for the professor to know who you are in my experience I don’t really know why, or if it should be that way, but it’s just awesome to have that relationship for them to know your name for them to know that you’re putting in effort Like, don’t forget that in the end, they’re the ones who are grading the papers And, maybe when you’re in like thousand person or 600 person classes, it’s not as important, but especially when you get to the a hundred person classes, it’s just like huge to know your professor And I think office hours are like a double whammy way to do that, you meet the other people in the class, you get the direct source, you get the info from the direct, like most direct source, the professor knows who you are, they know you’re engaged and you’re trying like, it’s really important to them actually, as someone who’s not, I don’t consider myself like a super quick learner or like a like super smart person I’ve always felt like I’ve had to work pretty hard a lot of times, peers have managed to tell me, but I’ve always been someone else to go to office hours and like extra help It’s actually, it’s hugely beneficial So just a big thing I would recommend – One thing to continue on with Franny was saying, if you wanna get involved in research, go into office hours, all these professors, majority are doing research in some lab, so for the most part, all the stories that I’ve heard of how my friends got researchers, they just go to office hours And aside from the questions they asked related to the course, they start asking them about the research and show they’re interested and say, hey, you have an open position for an undergrad? So having that relationship prior is awesome Networking, socially is super, super good, super beneficial – And I just wanted to say one more thing, this fall, and most likely in the spring, you’re all gonna be taking online classes And, the way that that manifests itself is you’re taking classes over Zoom and you, individually, all need to be responsible for participating in the class And you, in my opinion, if you want the professor to get to know you, you have to have your video on It’s extremely crucial in my opinion And don’t be afraid to schedule a one-on-one Zoom meeting with the professor at the beginning of class, just to introduce yourself just so they know who you are, because especially, I mean, in Berkeley, in general, it’s easy to get left behind, but with online classes, if you’re just another one of those squares on the Zoom meeting, and you’re not saying anything, and you’re just randomly typing things into the chat, it’s gonna be a fundamentally different experience than video and actually talking with the professor – And on that note, does anybody want to come on and ask one or two final questions? Definitely showing some appreciation on the chat

So we appreciate you all just joining us I must say like to Franny’s point earlier about just getting to know our faculty and really engaging in the human interaction I think it’s important I think that like deep down inside, like our professors are educators They wanna be able to monitor your progress and check in on whether or not they’re being effective And they’ve come across so many different types of learning styles and personalities, but if you give them, if you prepare and you go to office hours and you show them that you’re learning and that you’re trying to intersect, concepts that are coming at you in class, that show some consistency and some compatibility in your learning, they know that it’s not a perfect system, especially with when it comes to grading So, your effort is extremely important in terms of showcasing like what you can, like the different ways that you can succeed And you facilitate your success and what you’ve been learning by being able to present yourself at office hours And it’s an incredibly valuable skill because when you’re sitting in a board meeting or a project room, when you’re in industry, you’re gonna have to say out loud, like what it is that you’re working on, how those ideas are connecting with the other ideas that are in the room And there’s no better way to practice and to engage with that, than doing it with professors, doing it with your classmates and building one another up So I think I’ll probably leave on that note I’m super thankful for the folks that decided to join us I mean, we have people that are in high profile industry positions We have folks that are in graduate school We have Mike, who’s an emerging senior, and who’s going to be there quite soon And I’m just so lucky to be able to work with these students on a day to day basis I just want you all to know that, I’m an active listener I’m somebody who will give you time who will give you time Please, reach out to me, send me an email I wanna get to know everybody as much as possible And my joy, my sense of fulfillment comes from watching you all grow and develop So be persistent with me as well, really set up a time to meet with me so that I can get to know you and you’ll be on my radar I think that that’s another part of the human interaction is that, for example, I think I did this with Mike too Mike was telling me different things that he was interested in I heard a presentation that Dr. Markihaji was doing, I sent it over his way and that was kind of compatible with his interests So, we help one another connect the dots, and the more I get to know you, the more I can connect you with our faculty So use me as your home base And I look forward to working with everyone Thank you so much, Mike, Franny and Alex, I really appreciate everything – Hey Ricky, can we just say one last thing? If there’s anybody who has a question that wasn’t answered here or anything, feel free to message me on LinkedIn, or I can drop my email in here Don’t be over overstressed You guys are super smart group of people, for sure So you’ll do great And as alumni, as current students, we’re all here to help you guys out So, don’t ever hesitate to reach out to the staff or to your colleagues I’ll put my email here – Yeah and this huge place And sometimes it’s hard to contact people, but every single time I’ve needed help with something, and I can’t get anyone, Ricky’s always been there So go to Ricky, he will respond to you He will help you out And if you can’t contact me, just ask Ricky, he’ll give you my contact information and all that stuff – Thank you all, I appreciate all your support, all the love, and let’s all get through this I look forward to having a great year with you all – Thanks Ricky – Thanks Ricky – Take care, everyone – Bye guys