Nano Aquascape Tutorial – UNS 5N step by step BEGINNER GUIDE in real time ⏱

Welcome to the cooking show with Jurijs No, no, probably not. Just joking guys. We are skipping here today. This is a UNS Nano tank, 36 centimeters I Really like it It’s probably one of the first in Europe and I like the corners with this 45 degree angle, looks pretty dope and on top We have the TWINSTAR 360E, you know, it’s the E Series because of the acrylic legs We have TROPICA Soil. We have Tropica tissue culture plants over here. Thanks to Tropica for sending this over We have the ADA – SANSUI Stones really nice ones Thanks to ADA for providing these I have my tools ready in my tool bag I have the spray bottle over here and I have a clear film I will need this one for this escape Guys, this scape is gonna be like first part of a series I would like to show you in this nano size tank, how you can accomplish Small, but beautiful layouts, that are easy to replicate and I’m not gonna keep them very long so just you know, scape them, keep them for 2 maybe maximum 3 months, you know kind of showing this 90 days progress and then rescaping them quickly Kind of creating these recipes for you And yeah without any further ado, we’re jumping right into the scaping action And if you know what the clear film is for? Just coming down below and I gonna see you after the intro To starts keeping this tank, let’s put in some Soil first I’m not sure yet if this is gonna be enough, but just in case I have it nearby, so I can add more Anytime by the way This is regular sized Soil and I gonna top it with powder type on top Just to help the carpeting plans to settle a little bit better and the reason is, why the powder Soil is so good for carpeting plants, is simply because The roots of the tiny carpeting plants, they have a lot more contact with the soil gravels I Have like a little bit of Soil in the foreground I try to make a little slope towards the back and I will definitely need more soil while we Keep going. So I’m starting with the first rock over here. This is you know some beautiful SANSUI Stone It is a volcanic stone. It has that layered structure and the look I try to achieve for this layout is a Triangular Style I will start low here, go tall to this side and yeah, all the rocks will be just stacked in the same direction That is super easy And if you work with similar hard scape materials, you can easily replicate this look just by stacking up your rocks the same way I’m doing it now. You see here. With all the lines they are repeating each other and what I try to do here is well, to not put them all on the same line, either give them a little alternation into different directions and Yeah, that’s super easy and straightforward, all I need is basically like 3 rocks to create this Base composition I will get to the front and see how it looks like I Don’t know What is happening wrong? Wrong angle here, so it might be helpful to see it like on the monitor Adjusted slightly the angle of the rocks. So it is looking more dynamic this way I will be adding Like an additional stone somewhere here in the back, but, or maybe this way But first I need some more so here in the back. So for this purpose, let’s add in more Soil So, don’t add too much Soil at once Otherwise it will end in the foreground just a little bit at a time What does my Apple Watch say? – Instagram primetime! Okay, I will take care of this later So let’s move it out a little bit in the back

I Really like how it’s coming along! I see some Soil coming here to the front, this could be a little bit problematic So let’s use a stone that is going to fit inside and close the gap maybe somehow like this I would like to have the structure in the same direction. To view it somehow Yeah, I think like this, I have achieved it Pull the soil out of the way Actually I have this stone over here, you see the gap is closed and now I can move the Soil over here and it’s not coming down and have created a little plateau – over here. So now I can add you know, one more rock towards the top Of this hardscape, have it sit somewhere here we have like another tip, it should be below the big one a little bit It’s okay. I can raise it a little bit Make this one a little bit lower just by pushing it slightly towards the back It works super easy. And yeah, I think already right now we have a very Well balanced composition Yeah, but I would like to add just a couple more details to the layout for this reason I have just a couple more stones here So probably this one could go either to the foreground here, or maybe here and just create a little bit more tension So, let’s see where it works out the best things somewhere like this would be nice, again positioning in a very same angle like the big rocks And That one is for the background I think if we have a lot of tension here with a big one, it would be nice to have a little like counterpart playing around here in the back just having like a second tip, that is competing for attention with a big one I think that looks good. I think that really looks good and you have seen me putting it together was really quick Super easy. You can do it yourself just by Having, I dont know, a selection of 5 to 10 rocks all of the same structure works perfectly with the SANSUI Stone They have all this layered structure just look that they are not too flat on one side If that is the case you can hit another rock like I did here with this one to add a little bit more depth here and Just play with the depth, by adding one more rock to the background, one more rock to the foreground so you really take the attention from the very foreground to the very background of the viewer or for yourself and I think we’re almost there with a hardscape To finalize it. I’m simply going to add a little bit of “aquasoil” or What is the exact term? What how is Tropica calling it? Aquarium Soil Powder? Okay, guys So powder coming on top, just a very thin layer. I think I’m going to use little container Some cooking devices here in the back let’s scoop it So here it goes inside and just by adding the Soil, the Powder type makes the whole layout look a lot bigger, because you know the contrast between the small grain size of the soil and the rocks becomes stronger and Like I said before The powder type substrate will make it easier for the carpeting plans to settle because they have more contact to eat with their roots, they are rooted better and stronger and grow faster and you have the beat: “Stronger – Better – Faster” You know what I mean so, by the way Because we have this triangular layout I can even see having the substrate like a little bit Higher on this side. So I’m gonna take a little bit from the powder to the left side And Kind of the angled look, even in the foreground can accentuate or increase the impression of movement in the layout Usually I like to keep the layout, like perfectly clean, like substrate flattening level 1000 tiny little bit more Powder I would say, that’s about it for the hardscape, it’s not bad for 10 minutes hardscaping, so let’s get it planted!

To plant this layout I have selected a Range of carpeting plants. They’re all tissue culture 1-2-Grow! from Tropica This plants are guaranteed 100% algae free ,pest free, snails free There is literally just one type of plant, specifically with the mosses (not using mosses now, just saying this in general) You have the exact plant that’s on the label that’s inside. Nothing else. Some nutrition and liquid and that’s it Let’s prepare this plants quickly and then put them into the tank So for the plant preparation I gonna use this little tray over here and this little dish here Let’s start with the Eleocharis mini and this one, I’m going to use in the foreground That is super easy I just remove the lid a little ASMR here and I’m going get rid of the liquid So this is the Eleocharis mini You can squeeze out a little bit of the remaining liquid and what you want to do next You just take this entire portion and kind of rip it apart Then Divide it further. So you get some sort of Eleocharis mini, like a belt, you know, like a strap here So you have like a uniform thickness and yeah When it’s like this you can easily pinch off a little piece you can prepare yourself Several pieces like this, or if you want you can just pinch off and put it right into the aquarium So I’m going stop here. I will use it just by pinching up and putting it straight into the aquarium and the next plant We’re going to prepare is the Helanthium tenellum ‘Green’ Yeah, this one is very easy as well I just open the lid I get rid of the liquid and if I take the plant out of the cup it’s almost ready to use, there is no substrate medium, rockwool, or anything that needs to be removed and there are several plans They’re interconnected with a little runner, so I’m getting rid of this runner just by pinching off, with my fingernail and yeah, you can divide up in little portions, or you can just keep it as this and go straight into the aquarium and pinch off – plant, pinch off – plant That’s what I’m going to do If you have a larger tank Yeah, this is where it is probably Highly recommended to prepare all the plans, because That will really speed up the planning process This one is very small I will need just a handful of pots, so I can do it very quickly on the go And the last plant we are preparing for the background is the Helanthium ‘Quadricostatus’ this is a larger version of the Helathium green and Same process here Open the lid Get rid of the liquid, take out your plants and just Yeah, don’t rip off the leaves, but look for the individual plants Pinch them off from the runner, from the rhizome Take them individually Just like this Drop them down there, or do it on the fly Like I will do it So now we’re all prepared Now, let’s get this plants into the tank Okay guys, so now that I’ve showed you how to prepare plants, I do it the quick way just by having them You know this little strip in my hands I’m gonna pinch off little portions and plant them right into the Soil And as you can see, I’m staying away roughly 1cm away from the glass And the reason for this is I’m going to demonstrate: if I plant straight to the glass That just doesn’t look really nice You know, I don’t like it if I see other people doing it I prefer to stay like 1cm away from the glass and when I see the roots showing up on the glass I know they have made it by themselves, and now the plant is growing! otherwise you don’t know and also I just like it as a cleaner look So let’s spread them evenly in the foreground You can make as little as, I don’t know, 4-8 portions from 1 tissue cup, but you can also make as many as 40 portions and the way to do it is very simple and I’m going to probably demonstrate you on a second cup, it’s easier so for now, I’m just planting one single row, of Eleocharis mini, along the front glass

and I’m keeping kind of equal distance between the portions of approximately 1 or 2 cm and yeah, you want to try to plant as even as possible and don’t be afraid to plant deep that is going to give your plant a very secure position in the substrate and Also, it won’t float up when you fill with water Okay, we’re almost done with the first line So moving further with Eleocharis mini, second line I don’t know I could maybe plant (like) in between to alternate So it looks more even, in the beginning Guys, like after two months, it will be all one solid carpet and you will see no planting positions, so don’t worry It really doesn’t matter. I could even close my eyes and do it with closed eyes I think Oliver Knott did it once on a trade show “Blind Scaping” I actually was very curious to see how it’s gonna look but I Have to tell you, he did a good job So maybe I will try to do something myself one day eventually when I get bored, do this blind scaping thing just with closed eyes, but I don’t know except of the show effect. I don’t see any point of doing it Guys I promised to show you how you can achieve 40 FOUR – ZERO = 40 portions out of 1 single tissue culture cup So what you want to do: you first divide the entire cup like in 2 portions Just in the middle, just rip it apart, then every half you divide again in halves So you get 4 equally sized portions There right about the same size so let me move 3 of them aside and this one I’m going to make 10 little portions out of it and if I can make 10 out of this I can do 10 out of each of the 4 which would give me 40 total portions so to do this I’m going to divide it again in halves, super easy and I’m going to divide this in halves again (so yeah) let’s put it on the rocks here So I have already 4 in total If I keep dividing this further You know Okay, they’re going to be everywhere, it doesn’t matter just like this We have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Okay divided this one – 8 Let’s divide this one, one more time 9 and I don’t know, maybe this one, one more time okay, so we have over here a total of 10 portions and because I have just done it with that one quarter If I do it with the other 3 I’m going to have 10 x 4 40 portions of Eleocharis mini which is literally just enough to plant the entire aquarium, but because I’m not limited here I’m using slightly bigger portions It is simply a little bit more convenient and also it gives a quicker Result, in terms of a full carpet and like I told you initially I’m aiming to don’t keep this tank for a very long time I want it to be filled in very quickly and restated quickly as well The side is almost filled Okay, so while I’m planting the remaining Eleocharis mini species, guys let’s talk briefly about carpeting plants My very first carpeting plant was in my very first scape and I consider my first scape, the one that I used soil substrate and it was Hemianthus ‘Cuba’ Well, no big surprise and probably no big surprise it melted away and I had to redo it So, I wasn’t born with the aquascaper skills But everyone can learn it so What happened after the Hemianthus ‘Cuba’ melted? I just replanted the entire thing and adjusted nutrients and my main problem was, my tap water was super soft and the soil

Reduced it down to zero and with Co2 injection I had very acidic, kind of, environment in my tank So probably any plant would have melted, so I have increased the KH with some minerals and from there on I was good to go and the second trial I did the Glossostigma and it worked out like magic and I was very happy in the first moment but I got tired quickly after a couple months, of weekly trimming the Glossostigma and I haven’t used Glossostigma in a while, but after visiting Niigata the ADA Nature Aquarium gallery in 2017 I have to say: If you can keep it super short Glossostigma can look really really nice So Definitely going to give it a try, but not in this nano aquarium And more over there one more here Yeah, I think towards the back, I’m going to switch up for Maybe on the plateaus here a little bit more Eleocharis mini for that mixed look By the way, I’m really curious to know, which was your first carpeting plant? Please let me know down in the comments below Really curious to know and what your experience was with that? Carpeting plant I guess if you have used soil, it might have been a success Maybe if you haven’t had soil Maybe it was less of a success That’s how it usually is with the carpeting plants So this area is a little bit difficult So I might think if I’m going to find something to fit in there, to fill in those gaps So, I have enough Eleocharis mini in the layout Now let’s go for the Echinodorus tennelum and this is this one over here and like I told you before, I don’t like to spend a lot of time for preparation Just going to take it from the rhizome and plant it into the substrate Actually this tank could work very well as a monoculture just with Eleocharis mini but I think mixing up things a little bit, can be interesting also the Echinodorus tennelum, because it’s growing on this rhizome It’s going to come to the front, eventually hang (you know) over, over the rocks and it could look nice when it’s going to mix up a little bit We’re in the process here of planting It kind of goes quickly Okay some more on this side The plants that literally buried into the soil Just the leaves look out a little bit and that’s no problem the plant as it grow, it will grow above the soil a little bit more Towards here, that one here I can literally grab the plant with the tweezers, rip it off and plant it immediately That works Okay Do we have more? We have a little bit more Where are we using it? Let’s put some over here in that corner for a smooth transition to the background plant, which is going to be the ‘Quadricostatus’ And I have some more here, where can I squeeze it in between, (yeah) let’s get it down there There’s a little soil gap. I’m using it So problem solved with this area here just squeezing the Echi tennelum green in between One more. Where does this one go? hmmm Let’s put it down here Okay, we’re done with the Echinodorus tenellum or Echi tenellum.. Sorry guys. I can’t get used to this name for me It’s just still Echinodorus tenellus ‘Green’ The Helanthium tenellum version, just confuses me So this one is Helanthium ‘Quadricostatus’ Okay, used to be Echinodorus ‘Quadricostatus’ by the way, guys If you are wondering, why the plant names are changing all the time that kind of happens a lot in the hobby The reason is, when the plants are first discovered And for the first time there is a scientific (kind of) description of the plant, the person who is doing it He is trying his best to classify this plant into a family and then it has a name but as you know

time goes we have new technologies, new scientists and Yeah, also by checking the DNA we’re able to discover the real family of the plant and yeah If it was labeled wrong in the past then it’s renamed So, we are getting towards the rear corner up here the final Helanthium ‘Quadricostatus’, I’m practicing it and I was just told, that it’s not the family that is reclassified, its the genus Because the family is a little bit higher in the hierarchy So, adding the Helanthium ‘Quadricostatus’ to the back of this tank I think I even might add a little bit of the Eleocharis mini even to the back So we have some sort of like ground cover and also just to use this portion. That would be otherwise wasted so I hate wasting plants (guys). It’s like with food I always clean the entire plate so adding this to the back a little bit in between, like little filler and we’re done and going to give you an overview and talk about the maintenance of this aquarium and the Result that I want to achieve with it Okay Planting finished and Yeah, something super cool about a layout like this You have seen you have nice rocks. You can do the composition super quick. It is hard to go wrong I’m using just green plants They’re all grass kind of substrate (you know) carpeting type of plants so all I want to achieve here is just one solid carpet to see all the soil covered with green and Something like this can be achieved in a very very short time, you know Like something like 2 month or 3 month this tank gonna be on its peak, you know If I don’t go fancy and start adding moss and Bucephanandras or something to it And I wanted to keep it simple for a specific reason It’s not just the series that I want to do for the YouTube channel, to show you as many small layouts like this as possible, because this are small they’re easy to replicate and are also affordable because what you need just Three liters of soil like 5 kg maybe of rocks How many pots have I used like 5 pots or something (guys) This is this is really affordable stuff and The reason behind this simple layout is also something that I keep teaching you in my workshops Is that if you want to improve your aquascaping skills fast, you have to rescape your tanks as quick or as often as possible so a small aquarium like this can be rescaped after 2 or 3 months and I don’t mean that you have to waste all the material you can reuse the soil You can reuse the plans you can you reuse the rocks just do something new with it And I think just reusing stuff and making something new is what makes this hobby so exciting and Yeah before I ramble too long. Yes, I love rambling Not only George does it 😉 Let’s give this plants a spray put the light on and check out the final look “spray sound” Since it was a small tank, I’ve been able to finish the entire Planting without spraying If it is a bigger tank, or it takes you just simply a little bit longer, then you should consider Spraying in between, to prevent your plants from drying out I Keep spraying until I can see that the soil is all the way wet until the ground. I don’t want the water level to rise Because I want to do a Dry Start with this aquarium Simply because, I’m going to Budapest to visit GreenAqua tomorrow and I don’t have time for water changes but nonetheless a setup like this could easily work as a Dry Start and What is important for a Dry Start: that you don’t have too little and also don’t too much moisture so you don’t want the water to be filled up You want the substrate like really wet (like you know) like house plants in general So keep spraying until you see Soil is completely wet And then you use the stretch film, the clear film, on top to seal it, to keep the humidity inside So we’re going do this in a second Just let me finish the spraying first “spray noise” Now the substrate is wet enough let’s use Some towels to make a clean view for you guys, so you can see the final result the Healthy green color and a nice solid black off the SANSUI Stone

Also remove the dust from the sides I like the nice contrast almost black rocks fresh green plants dark brown almost black substrate The contrast just is amazing So Now the tank is prepared for the Dry Start I’m going to use the clear film on top, to prevent it from drying out Let’s put a little bit over here like this Wait a second, I have my huge Swiss Army knife over here, not so huge though “stretch film noise” That one is now perfectly sealed and Is ready for the dry start. The only thing that is missing is the light. So this one we can put on top This is the TWINSTAR 360E series light We can switch it on, so the only thing that is now missing is a timer “whoop” thank you Logan Can be something like this This little remote I did a review video, on how to program it Check it out here in the corner will be a link to this video This one you can use to set up automatic on and off mode Maybe some sort of soft dim-up and dim-down, kinda daylight cycle, or basically just dim it manually So this goes just in between the power connector and what I recommend for the Dry Start you keep the lights on for 12 hours per day Once a day spray, maybe twice a day You have to see how the humidity is inside if the plants start looking a little bit dry So in the beginning, pay a little bit more attention I think I’m pretty confident that this is gonna work for me with just a single spray per today So while I’m traveling my fiance is going to take care of this and give the plants a little spray Give them a little love every day and hopefully by the time I come back home I will already see the first runners and I will either keep it as a Dry Start or just fill up the tank, to speed up the carpeting process, because I want this tobe a really quick one, so I can show you In a follow up video how it’s gonna look like in, I don’t know, 30, 60 or 90 days “music” So guys this is the final result, the end of the nano step-by-step tutorial video, I hope you enjoyed watching it There will be follow-up videos on this one as well as a quick rescape just in a couple of months. So stay tuned! Give me a thumbs up, if you really like this video, subscribe to the channel smash that button! and Yeah, I would love to see you here in the next video Bye “gentle music” “the George Farmer Selfie” 😀